Types and Symptoms of Rosacea | Dermatology


What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a normal skin condition that occurs on the face. The small superficial blood vessels (capillaries) in the skin dilate, giving the appearance of a permanent flush. Yellow pimples develop on the forehead, cheeks, and chin. Unlike acne, It does not leave scars.

This condition first appears between the ages of 30 and 50. Frequent redness or flushing is usually the first sign. Over time, permanent redness (erythema) develops as capillaries begin to dilate and blisters form. In men, severe skin conditions can cause a red, enlarged nose (rhinophyma).

Types of rosacea

There are four types of rosacea, which includes:

  • Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: It is characterized by persistent redness on the face. Small blood vessels appear dilated below the surface of the skin; These symptoms usually flare up and then go away.
  • Papulopustular rosacea: It is associated with “white dot” rashes, which are pus-filled spots and red, swollen bumps.
  • Phymatous rosacea: The skin becomes thick and scaly, bumpy, swollen, and sometimes pale.
  • Ocular rosacea: In this, the symptoms affect the eyes so that they look like water or blood spots. There may be an associated burning or irritation sensation in your eyes.

Causes of rosacea

The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, although several causes have been recommended, including abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face and a reaction to microorganisms usually found on the face.

Although they are not considered direct causes of this condition, several triggers have been classified that make this skin condition worse.

These include:

  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Stress
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Hot or cold weather
  • Hot drinks
  • Alcohol and caffeine
  • Certain foods, such as spicy foods

Symptoms of rosacea

Symptoms often begin with flushing episodes in which the skin becomes red for a short time, but other symptoms develop as the condition progresses:

  • Flushing: Most people with this skin condition often have a history of flushing or flushing. Facial redness, which can come and go, is usually an early sign of the disorder.
  • Persistent facial redness: Persistent facial redness is similar to blush or sunburn, it does not go away.
  • Visible blood vessels: Small blood vessels appear on the skin of most people with this disease.
  • Papules and pustules: If you have this skin condition, you may develop round red bumps that rise from your skin (papules) and pus-filled swelling (pustules).
  • Thickened skin: In the most severe cases of this disease, the skin thickens and forms extra tissue, usually around the nose. This makes the nose appear large and bulky (rhinophyma).

Other symptoms associated with this skin condition include:

  • Sensitive skin: Burning, itching, stinging, and pain
  • Dry skin, rough skin
  • Raised red patches (plaques) on your skin
  • Facial swelling (lymphoedema)

Diagnosis of rosacea

See your doctor if you have signs of rosacea. You may be referred to a dermatologist who specializes in skin conditions. If you have this skin condition, your dermatologist can talk with you about treatment options. Although treatment can’t cure this skin condition, it can help:

  • Decrease (or eliminate) signs of rosacea on your skin
  • Ease your discomfort
  • Prevent rosacea from worsening

Treatment for rosacea

Your healthcare provider will discuss specific treatment for rosacea with you:

  • Your age, general health, and medical history
  • The extent of the rash
  • Your patience for specific medications, procedures, or treatments
  • Expectations for the course of the rash
  • Your opinion or preference

The purpose of treatment is to manage the symptoms associated with this skin condition. Maybe in treatment:

  • Diet modifications (for example, avoiding foods that dilate the skin’s blood vessels, such as caffeine, spicy foods, and alcohol)
  • Topical and oral antibiotics
  • Prescription creams or lotions
  • Glycolic acid peels
  • Laser therapy
  • Dermabrasion
  • Electrosurgery


Rosacea can cause problems that affect the skin and can also lead to depression due to shyness about how the skin looks.

The most common physical problem with this skin condition is the hardening of the skin. This happens years after living with this skin condition. Recurring injuries can also cause skin scars.


To help prevent rosacea:

  • Use sunscreen with a good sunscreen formula. Cover other parts of the body with a scarf, hat, or suitable clothing to protect yourself from the sun.
  • Practice deep breathing and yoga to relieve stress.
  • Avoid eating spicy foods.
  • Use an electric razor should be used instead of a blade for clearing the hair
  • Use water-based cosmetics that are gentle to the skin.
  • Apply moisturizer regularly for the sore skin.


Rosacea is a very common condition that affects millions of people every day. In some cases, the symptoms are so mild that you don’t need to do anything other than use a topical cream from time to time. Sometimes, and for most people, the symptoms that require treatment for this skin condition are severe.

Whether or not you have rosacea inflammation, you must always use proper skincare to control this skin condition and reduce the development and recurrence of inflammation. The removal of harsh or abrasive materials is very important in the skincare process. Prioritize safe, lightweight, and effective skincare products to take care of your face without causing problems.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology

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