What are corns and calluses?
Corns and calluses are annoying, but your body actually forms them to protect sensitive skin. Corns and calluses are often confused. Corn usually occurs in pressure points, usually on the soles of the feet and the toes. Corns and calluses are painful. A hard corn is a small piece of thick, dead skin.
A soft corn has a very thin surface and usually occurs between the 4th and 5th leg. Seedcorn is a small, isolated gallbladder that is very soft if it is on the load-bearing part of the foot. Seedcorn is found on the soles of the feet, and some doctors believe the disease is caused by blocked sweat ducts.
The corns are small and rounded. You will likely see corn on your toes or the sides. There are several types of corn:
- Soft corn: This corn is white/grey in colour and has a soft, rubbery texture. Soft corn appears between the fingers.
- Seedcorn: These corns are small and usually form at the base of the feet.
- Rough corns: These are small, rough, and dense areas of skin, usually in a large area of thick skin. Hard corn usually forms on the toes, areas where there is the pressure of the bones against the skin.
Corns are the thickening and painless removal of the outer layer of the skin. They can also develop on the hands, feet, or recurring friction anywhere: on the violin’s chin. Like corn, there are many varieties of tripe. Common corns usually occur when there is a lot of massage on the hands or feet. A plantar fascia appears on the sole.
Corns and calluses symptoms
If you notice that you may have corn or calluses:
- Thick and rough skin area
- Scaly, dry, or waxy skin
- Increased hardened bump
- Tenderness or pain under the skin
Corns and calluses are not the same.
- Corns: Corns are smaller than calluses and have a rough centre surrounded by inflamed skin. Corn thrives on the toes of your feet and shoulders and even on the parts of your feet that don’t support the weight between your toes. They can also be found in weight areas. Corn is sore when pressed.
- Calluses: Calluses are rarely painful. They usually grow on the soles of your feet, especially under the heels or under the balls, on your palms, or your knees. Calluses vary in size and shape and are often larger than corn.
Causes of corns and calluses
Corns and calluses have the same causes. In addition to:
- Physical hobbies, sports activities, or work/work put pressure on your feet.
- Going barefoot.
- Standing, walking, or running for a long time.
- Structural deformations of the foot or alteration of the biomechanics (haemorrhoids, Tyler’s bunions, congenital malformations).
- Physical, sports, or work hobbies that cause repeated friction in the skin area of the hands or fingers.
- Walking in a bad posture – walking too high on the inside or outside edge of your foot.
- Having socks and/or shoe liners, slip under your feet when you have shoes, and do a bunch.
- Don’t wear socks with shoes.
- Shoes that don’t fit properly. It is a very common cause of corns on the top of the feet. Shoes that have areas that are too tight or rub against your skin can cause scratching, chafing, and stress. Women, who often wear high-heeled shoes, develop calluses on the soles of the feet from the pressure that descends on this area while running.
Treatment of corns and calluses
The treatment of corns and calluses involves avoiding the repetitive actions that usually lead to growth. Wearing well-fitting shoes, using protective pads, and taking other self-protective measures can help you fix them.
If the corn or calluses persist or are painful despite your personal efforts, medical treatments may provide relief:
- Cut off excess skin: Your doctor may shed thickened skin or cut large calluses with a scalpel, usually during an office visit. Do not try it yourself because it can lead to infection.
- Shoe inserts: If you have a foot deformity, your doctor may prescribe custom-made padded shoe inserts (orthotics) to prevent the recurrence of corns or calluses.
- Surgery: In rare cases, your doctor may recommend surgery to correct the alignment of the bone causing the fracture.
- Medicines to remove corns: Your doctor may also apply a patch containing 40% salicylic acid (Clear Away, Mediplast, etc.). These patches are available without a prescription. Your doctor will tell you how often to change this patch. He or she may recommend that you use a pumice stone, a nail file, or an emery board to gently exfoliate dead skin before applying a new patch. You can get a prescription for salicylic acid in gel form to apply to large areas.
In any condition or activity that causes excessive friction on the fingers or toes can lead to the development of corns or calluses. People of all ages are affected, but they are most often found in people over 65. Corns and calluses affect 20-65% of people in this age group. Some of these factors are risk factors
- Using devices, tools, or instruments that put pressure on specific areas of the fingers
- Certain professions such as farmers or garden workers
- Anatomy of the feet or toes
- Gait abnormalities
- Anomalies of the anatomy of the feet or toes
- Swelling at the beginning of the big toe
- A hammer is a deformity in which the toe curves like a claw
- Certain conditions, such as bone spurs, can cause constant friction inside your shoe
- Using hand tools without wearing gloves can make your skin more prone to friction