What are the side effects of Cancer surgery?
Cancer surgery, like all cancer treatments, has benefits, risks, and side effects. The types and severity of side effects vary from person to person based on several factors:
- Cancer type and location
- Type of surgery
- Other treatments obtained before surgery, such as chemotherapy
- The general health of the individual
Before agreeing to undergo cancer surgery, you will be informed about the risks and benefits. You will also learn about the side effects.
Today, most people can undergo less invasive surgery than ever before. The side effects of cancer surgery are minimal, and people recover quickly. Also, doctors can reduce pain and other physical side effects of cancer surgery.
Relief from side effects is an important part of cancer care and treatment. This is called palliative or supportive care. Talk to your healthcare team about the side effects of the surgery you are experiencing. This includes any new side effects or changes in side effects.
Other cancer treatments
Your doctor may recommend other options as part of your treatment plan:
Targeted therapy, in which drugs work against specific parts of cancer cells or prevent them from spreading. Immunotherapy, also known as biological therapy, involves the body getting immunity to fight cancer.
Also known as hormone therapy, hormone therapy, or hormone therapy, which treats cancers that develop cancer (such as breast cancer and prostate cancer). Stem cell transplantation. Doctors use chemotherapy or radiation to kill as many cancer cells as possible and then try to replace them with healthy stem cells from the bone marrow or blood.
Photodynamic therapy. Doctors inject a special drug into the bloodstream and then kill cancer cells using a specific type of light.
As with any cancer treatment, it may take some time to find out how it affects your disease. Stay in touch with your doctor and tell her about anything that doesn’t seem right to you. You are a very important part of your cancer care team.
Common side effects of cancer surgery
Some pain is common after cancer surgery. The amount and location of the pain depend on several factors, including:
- You had surgery on the body
- How big is the incision or surgical cut
- How much tissue is removed
- If you have pain before surgery.
The pain gradually decreases after surgery as the body heals. During this time, your doctor may prescribe pain relievers to reduce your discomfort.
Fatigue. Most people feel very tired after major surgery, especially when it comes to the abdomen or chest. Causes of fatigue from surgery:
- The body uses energy to aid in the healing process.
- How nutritious is a person
- Lack of appetite after surgery.
- The stress of surgery
- Fatigue usually goes away gradually, 2 to 4 weeks after surgery.
Decreases appetite. Lack of appetite after surgery is very common, especially when people receive general anesthesia. It may be associated with temporary weight loss. Most people regain their appetite and return to their normal weight as the effects of the surgery wear off.
Swelling around the surgical site. It is normal to have some swelling after surgery. A surgical skin incision is a form of injury to the body. The body’s natural response to injury is inflammation, which causes inflammation. Since healing occurs after surgery, the swelling usually goes away.
Drainage of the surgical site. Sometimes fluid that collects at the surgical site flows through the surgical wound. Signs of infection include a runny nose, fever, and redness around the wound. If you have signs of infection, contact your surgeon’s office. See below for more information on infections.
Injuries around the surgical site. After any surgical incision, some blood may leak from the small blood vessels under the skin. It causes injury, which often occurs after surgery. If you have significant swelling along with bruising, contact your surgeon’s office.
Numbness. It is common to experience some numbness at the incision site. This is because the nerves in the skin are cut during surgery. Although cramps do not usually cause a person any problems, they can last for a long time.
Bleeding during cancer surgery, people often lose some blood. But it is usually minimal and does not affect the normal functions of the body. Sometimes people lose large amounts of blood due to surgery. In these conditions, the surgical team has blood available if a transplant is needed.
After cancer surgery, you may experience some bleeding from the wound. If this happens, cover it with a clean, dry bandage and contact your surgeon’s office. If there is too much blood, push until you go to your surgeon’s office or local emergency room.
Infection: Infection can occur at the incision site, but it can also occur in other parts of the body. Surgeons take great care to reduce the risk of infection during the operation. After surgery, your health care team will teach you how to prevent infection while you recover. Signs of infection in surgical incisions:
- More pain
- Drainage due to injury
If you have any of these signs, contact your surgical care team. Antibiotics generally work well to treat most infections.
Side effects listed below:
- Lack of appetite
- Bleeding and trauma (thrombocytopenia)
- Edema (swelling)
- Reproductive problems in boys and men
- Reproductive problems in girls and women
- Flu-like symptoms
- Hair loss (alopecia)
- Infection and neutropenia
- Memory or concentration problems
- Mouth and throat problems
- Nausea and vomiting
- Neurological problems (peripheral neuropathy)
- Immunotherapy and organ-related inflammation
- Sexual health problems in men
- Sexual health problems in women
- Changes in skin and nails
- Sleep problems and insomnia
- Urinary and bladder problems
Keep in mind that side effects of cancer surgery vary from person to person, even in those who receive the same type of cancer treatment.