Types and Procedures of Cosmetic Surgery | Dermatology

Cosmetic surgery

What is cosmetic surgery?

Cosmetic surgery means that a person takes an invasive medical operation or procedure to change their physical appearance for cosmetic rather than medical reasons.

Cosmetic surgery requires surgical and non-surgical procedures that focus on improving body structures and redesigning the cosmetic condition. These surgeries can be performed on any part of the body.

Difference between cosmetic surgery and plastic surgery

Cosmetic surgery is a specialized branch of medicine that focuses on improving appearance through surgical and medical procedures. Cosmetic surgery can be performed on the head, neck, and all parts of the body. The prescribed areas function properly, but in the absence of a cosmetic appeal, cosmetic surgery is preferred.

Plastic surgery is defined as a surgical speciality dedicated to the reconstruction of facial and body defects due to congenital disorders, injuries, burns, and diseases. Plastic surgery is intended to correct dysfunctional areas of the body and rebuild in nature.

Types of cosmetic surgery procedures

Breast augmentation

Breast augmentation refers to procedures that increase the size or change the shape of the breasts. As breast size increases, this procedure is also known as “breast implant surgery.” Breast augmentation is not the same as breast lifts or breast reduction, it actually involves a variety of procedures.


Liposuction is a cosmetic surgery that improves body shape by removing fat deposits. This procedure is not intended for weight loss.

Liposuction, or suction-assisted lipectomy, uses thin cannulas or hollow metal tubes to remove fat from various parts of the body, usually the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, hips, back of the hands, and neck. Liposuction can also be used for male breast reduction.

Tools used in liposuction include standard, ultrasound, mechanical, and laser devices. All have the ability to absorb grease through a hose.


Dermabrasion uses a special tool that gently “sand” the layer of skin. Once the epidermis is removed, the area heals and the new skin replaces the old one. The result is smoother looking skin.

Dermabrasion is usually used for:

  • Acne scars
  • Age spots
  • Crow’s feet
  • Growths or lesions on the skin
  • Sun-damaged skin
  • Wrinkles


A facelift is a type of cosmetic surgery. Facelifts can repair sagging, loose, moist, or wrinkled skin on the face. In this procedure, facial tissues are removed, excess skin is removed, and the skin is repositioned to replace established contours. Neck lifts are generally combined with facelifts.

Other procedures that are commonly performed in addition to facelifts include nose reshaping, forehead lift, or eyelid surgery.

Hair transplantation

Hair transplantation is a type of cosmetic surgery. Helps restore hair growth. Small grafts of hair follicles can be obtained from the back of the scalp where the density of the hair is. Small incisions are made in the areas of the scalp affected by hair loss.

Patients may need several sessions to achieve the expected results. After 6 weeks, the planted hair will fall out, but after about 3 months, new hair will appear. Anyone undergoing cosmetic surgery should refrain from smoking or using tobacco products for several months before any procedure, as they can interfere with wound healing.


In rhinoplasty, also known as “nose surgery,” the surgeon redesigns the patient’s nose to improve the appearance and breathe more frequently. This may include redesigning the tip and lowering the bony tip into the upper corner of the nose.

Rhinoplasty can be used to:

  • Increase or reduce the size of the nose
  • Correct problems following an injury
  • Correct birth defects
  • Relieve or improve breathing problems
  • Narrow the shape of the nostrils
  • Change the shape of the bridge
  • Change the angle of the nose

Vulvovaginal surgery

Vulvovaginal surgery is a type of cosmetic surgery. Labiaplasty, labiaplasty, labia minora reduction, or labial reduction involves surgery of the labia majora or labia minora of the vulva, which is part of gynaecology. It usually aims to reduce elongated lips as part of vaginoplasty.

Lack of clinical or scientific evidence to guide gynaecological surgeons regarding the safety and effectiveness of cosmetic vaginal procedures.

Tummy tuck

Abdominoplasty to improve the shape of the abdomen is commonly called “Tommy Tuck”. Tommy Tux removes excess fat and skin and restores weak or loose abdominal muscles to improve the profile. Tommy Tux improves the appearance of sagging or sagging skin but does not eliminate stretch marks.

Abdominoplasty is not a substitute for an exercise routine or a proper diet to lose weight. The results of a tummy tuck are permanent, but maintaining the proper weight is essential to maintaining the results.


  • General anaesthesia: Modern general anaesthesia is well tolerated by most healthy patients.
  • Bleeding (hematoma): If this happens, another visit to the operating room is required to remove the blood clot.
  • Infection: Your surgeon will prescribe antibiotics and examine you closely.
  • Delayed wound healing: Your surgeon and nurse coordinator will take care of the healing process. It usually occurs in overweight, smokers, or infected patients.
  • Deep vein thrombosis (DVD): Blood clots can form if blood circulation is blocked or for other reasons
  • Fluid formation (seroma): Reoperation may be required.
  • Scarring: In the beginning, there were almost always some design problems or reservations. These stabilize for months, but sometimes local anaesthesia can often require a minor revision. Scars mature and improve up to 18 months after surgery. Not all stretch marks can be removed or new ones created. You will receive 3 Fraxel laser treatments approximately 8 weeks after surgery to maintain and improve scars with our dermatologist. (Every effort is made to maintain the scar in areas covered with high-cut swimwear or underwear).
  • Numbness: It occurs 100% of the time and mostly settles for months and 1-2 years.
  • Asymmetry: There may be uneven ridges and folds on both sides. The spots on your right side may be slightly different compared to your left side.
  • Umbilical malposition/loss: This is a very rare problem and may require more surgery.


This will be managed appropriately with pain medications and prompt aftercare.

  • Knowledge of actual patient assessments, actual surgical goals, and potential risks and complications of all successful surgical outcomes. Nothing in science and medicine is guaranteed.
  • Accidents are minimized through careful planning and examinations of patients, high standards of surgical training, precise surgical technique, and careful postoperative care.
  • Small and less serious problems are common and every effort is made to resolve them quickly.
  • They rarely have long-term effects on the excellent result.

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