Who is an Immunodermatologist?
Immunodermatologist practice examining how the immune system communicates with the skin. Skin conditions such as contact dermatitis and eczema are related to the immune system and therefore are under the expertise of Immunodermatologists. One of the various tasks of an Immunodermatologist is to develop solutions for skin conditions that are closely related to the immune system.
Like dermatologists, Immunodermatologist often works in laboratory settings, conducting experiments designed to assess the immune system and how the skin responds to various substances. While the work of an Immunodermatologist is of great importance, people are generally unaware of the work that is done in this field.
Types of autoimmune skin disorders and treatments
Bullous pemphigoid, pemphigus, and epidermolysis bullosa acquisita
These rare disorders develop into large fluid-filled blisters on the skin. Treatments can include corticosteroids, immunosuppressants, and anti-inflammatory drugs.
Vitiligo is a pigmentation disorder in which the skin loses melanin, causing the white patches to spread slowly over time. These symptoms affect men and women equally and the causes can be due to trauma to the skin, such as stress, illness, or heat stroke. Vitiligo appears at birth, but in half of all vitiligo cases, it develops in children and adolescents between the ages of 10 and 30.
It can affect any part of the body, but areas exposed to the sun are the first to be affected. Vitiligo and vitiligo are usually seen on the face around the eyes. It develops around the roots of the hair on the scalp and the patches of hair turn white or gray.
Vitiligo is not contagious and shouldn’t bring you to life – some high-profile celebrities and even fashion models have come to accept its status as part of their identity.
Repigmentation is very slow and can include topical corticosteroids in the form of creams applied to the affected areas, vitamins, narrow-band ultraviolet B (UVB) treatment, and oral steroids. Vitiligo is treated by Immunodermatologist.
Also, self-tanning lotions help hide blemishes by adding color to discolored areas. Hiding cosmetics and makeup is also an effective way to restore a more balanced skin tone.
Thick areas of skin with a smooth, shiny occurrence are a shaping feature of scleroderma. It is a group of connective tissue disorders (this process called fibrosis) that causes the skin to thicken and harden. Blood vessels are also damaged, and the body cannot repair them. Scleroderma usually begins with a few dry patches of skin on the hands or face, which later become thicker and firmer. These patches are then distributed to other areas of the skin.
Scleroderma is not contagious or cancerous, but it is inherited. There are four main subtypes of scleroderma, which are prescribed to increase the severity of symptoms:
- Morphea: Localized scleroderma patches may appear anywhere on the skin, but usually on the trunk.
- Scleroderma linear: As the name suggests, hardened skin often appears in lines on the hands or feet. This localized scleroderma tightens the skin and restricts movement. In children, this stiffness disturbs the growth of the long bones and should be watched closely.
- Limited systemic sclerosis (also known as CREST syndrome): It usually affects the face, arms, forearms, feet, and calves. It is often associated with Raynaud’s disease, which restricts blood flow to the fingers and toes. Internally, it can also damage the heart and digestive system, causing heartburn and difficulty swallowing.
- Diffuse scleroderma/systemic sclerosis: It is a more widespread condition that confuses the body more than the limited systemic form. Ung can also damage the lungs, kidneys, muscles, and joints. Muscle aches, joint stiffness, and fatigue are common.
Since vascular disease is more common in patients with scleroderma, some medications, such as antihypertensives, can be used to open the blood vessels. Like lupus, over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, and immunosuppressants can also help reduce symptoms of scleroderma. “These autoimmune diseases can be treated with immunosuppressive drugs. “But when you’ve taken over them, you need to see your doctor nearly to make sure you don’t get infections.” Immunodermatologist will take care of this treatment.
As its name suggests, vasculitis is a serious disease characterized by inflammation of the blood vessels when the body’s immune system attacks them. The inflammation can be short-term (acute) or chronic (chronic), and in severe cases, blood flow can be restricted until organ and tissue damage occurs.
There are about 20 types of vasculitis that affect the skin, joints, brain, nerves, intestines, heart, lungs, kidneys, and eyes. Cutaneous vasculitis is characterized by red or pleated patches on the skin, usually on the legs and feet. When the lesions are large, they look like wounds and are itchy and painful.
Medications can include corticosteroids or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Also, there are many laser and gentle treatments available to reduce the appearance of blood vessels and skin lesions.
Lupus is a disease that causes a variety of symptoms, many of which are similar to other skin conditions. When it affects the skin, this condition is called cutaneous lupus (or cutaneous lupus). It can come in many ways; Typically, patients see a butterfly-shaped rash, often on the face. When it spreads beyond the skin, it is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and the inflammation affects the joints, kidneys, and other organs.
The aggressive form of the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus or SLE (systemic milieu that affects the whole body). There is a sister condition called “discoid lupus erythematosus” (DLE), which is more restricted to the skin and is named after the formation of coin-shaped lesions. DLE skin lesions are typically not itchy or painful but are more pronounced and severe than skin lesions found in SLE and can cause permanent cosmetic damage and scarring.
Over-the-counter anti-inflammatory drugs such as Motrin (ibuprofen) can be used to treat inflammation and pain in some patients. Another option for treating inflammation is corticosteroids, but the side effects increase the risk of infection. Anti-malarial drugs, including Plaquenil (hydroxychloroquine), are often used to treat lupus symptoms because they help reduce joint pain, improve skin rashes, and significantly reduce inflammation. Doctors may also prescribe antibiotics such as azazone (azathioprine), which suppresses the immune system to prevent it from invading cells.
Departments to consult for this condition
- Department of Immunodermatology