Diagnosis and Treatments of Blackheads | Dermatology


What are blackheads?

Blackheads are one of the most common forms of acne. People with oily skin are more vulnerable to blackheads and anyone can get them. They form when pores become clogged with a combination of dead skin cells and excess oil (sebum) from the sebaceous glands.

Unlike whiteheads that create closed pores, blackheads have open surfaces that create darker coloured oxidation. He may try to pinch or push the black plug, but it can cause unwanted scarring and other damage to your skin.

“The good news is that over the counter products contain cornucopia, which has ingredients that are effective in exfoliating, softening and removing blackheads,” said by the doctor.

Keep reading to find out how to do it:

  • Prevent future training
  • Take good care of your skin
  • Get rid of your blackheads

Causes of blackheads

Certain factors increase the likelihood of developing blackheads. Age and hormonal changes are an important factor. As with other acne symptoms, blackheads are more common in adolescence, when changes in hormone levels trigger an increase in sebum production. However, they can appear at any age.

Androgen, the male sex hormone, stimulates increased sebum secretion and skin cell renewal around puberty. Both boys and girls experience high levels of androgens during adolescence. After puberty, hormonal changes associated with the use of menstruation, pregnancy, and oral contraceptives can also cause blackheads in women. Excessive production of skin cells by the body causes blackheads.

Other subjects:

  • Prevent or clog pores through cosmetics and clothing
  • Medications that promote rapid skin cell turnover.
  • Use of certain steroid-based medications such as corticosteroids
  • Intense sweat
  • Certain health conditions, such as stress, polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), and premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
  • High humidity and grease in instantaneous weather
  • Shaving and other activities that open up hair follicles

Risk factors

Acne vulgaris is diagnosed early in the course and are an inflammatory skin disease that affects the face, back, and chest of almost all adolescents at puberty. These are considered the first sign of adolescent acne and contain inflammatory substances that trigger the acne process. Elastotic degeneration of the skin mainly affects the face, the areas exposed to sunlight.

Bumpy yellow deposits of depleted collagen are often present with numerous black dots. Chloracne is a condition caused by the absorption of dioxins, toxins that are often found as a by-product in the manufacture of herbicides and defoliants.

Comedones are found on the exposed skin of some workers exposed to insoluble cutting oils in the metal machining industry. Some topical hair products induce blackheads on the adjacent skin, resulting in what is known as “ointment pimples.” Makeup cosmetics may occasionally contain comedogenic ingredients.

Some anti-epileptic and antipsychotic drugs are thought to induce comedones. Some rare birthmarks called epithelial marine can have very blackheads. Sometimes the follicular orifice can be very dissected, filled with dried sebum and skin after which it is called the “big winner’s hole”.

Symptoms of blackheads

The main feature is the small dark sore that gives blackheads their name. Blackheads are a symptom of acne, but due to the open pores, they are different in some ways from other acne lesions. Inflammatory blackheads. This means that they are not infected and that they do not cause pain or discomfort like pimples and blisters. It has increased texture, but they are flatter than acne.

The visible change caused by pimples can lead to distress and social or psychological distress in some patients.

Sebaceous filaments: The sebaceous filaments look like black dots, but they are different. They appear on the nose. They are small, appear in clumps, and feel flat to the touch. The sebaceous filaments are glands that transmit the flow of sebum through the pores. Unlike blackheads, they are not a form of acne.


Your doctor confirms the pimples by looking at your skin. This includes examining your face, chest, and back for various types of scars such as blackheads or red lumps in your throat. This is very important in planning your treatment.

Four classes can be used to measure the severity of acne:

  • Grade 1 (mild) pimples are mostly limited to whiteheads and blackheads, with only a few papules and blisters
  • Grade 2 (moderate) there are multiple papules and pustules, which are mostly confined to the face
  • Grade 3 (moderately severe) has a large number of papules and blisters, as well as an occasional inflamed nodule, and the back and chest are also affected by acne
  • Grade 4 (severe) Large, painful rashes and a large number of nodules

Treatment for blackheads

  • Over the counter treatment: Many acne medications are available at drugstores and grocery stores and online without a prescription. These medications are available as a cream, gel, and tampon and are applied directly to your skin. The drugs contain substances such as salicylic acid, benzoyl peroxide, and resorcinol. These kill bacteria, dry up excess oil, and remove dead skin cells.
  • Prescription medication: If over-the-counter treatment does not improve your acne, your doctor may prescribe strong medications. Medicines containing vitamin A prevent the formation of plugs in hair follicles and promote the rapid renewal of skin cells. These drugs are applied directly to your skin and contain tretinoin, tazarotene, or adapalene.

Your doctor may also prescribe another type of topical medication that contains benzoyl peroxide and antibiotics. If you have acne or pimples along with blackheads, these types of medications are especially helpful.

  • Manual removal: Dermatologists or specially trained dermatologists use a special device called a round loop extractor to remove the plug that causes blackheads. After making a small opening in the plug, the doctor applies pressure with an extractor to remove the blockage.
  • Microdermabrasion: During microdermabrasion, a doctor or skincare professional will use a special device that has a rough surface to sand the layers of skin. Sanding the skin removes blockages from blackheads.
  • Chemical peel: Chemical peels also clear blockages and remove dead skin cells that contribute to blackheads. During the peel, a strong chemical solution is applied to the skin. Over time, the epidermis reveals sensitive skin underneath. Mild peels are available over the counter, while strong peels can be performed by dermatologists or other skin professionals.
  • Laser and light therapy: Laser and light treatments use small rays of intense light to reduce oil production or kill bacteria. Lasers and light rays reach below the surface of the skin to treat blackheads and acne without damaging the epidermis.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology

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