Overview of Common Childhood Skin Disorders | Dermatology

Common childhood skin disorders

What are common childhood skin disorders?

Common childhood skin disorders occur when a lump, rash, red mark, or welt is found on a child’s body that is more common than finding one. Young children are more likely to develop skin disorders.

Most common childhood skin disorders are no cause for concern. However, some may be more than others. In this slide show, we will present information on general skin results to help better identify patients. As always, if you have any concerns, be sure to consult a paediatrician.

10 most common childhood skin disorders

Here are the most common childhood skin disorders, that may include:


Ringworm is one of the Common Childhood Skin Disorders. Ringworm on the skin begins as a red, scaly patch or bump. This is a sign of a fungal infection of the skin. When fungi infect the skin, they cause mild but bothersome rashes. Fungus infections of the skin are also known as ringworm infections.

But when the fungus grows anywhere on the body, it is called ringworm. Its medical name is tinea capitis when it is on the scalp and tinea corporis when it is on the rest of the body. In the toenails, this is called onychomycosis.


Symptoms of ringworm are:

The specific symptoms of ringworm are:

  • Itchy skin
  • Red, scaly, or cracked skin
  • A ring-shaped rash
  • Hair loss

Fifth disease

Parvovirus B19 is the virus that causes the fifth disease. The fifth disease is caused by a virus that causes rashes on the cheeks, arms, and legs. It is a very common childhood skin disorders that are generally mild and resolve without treatment.

Parvovirus B19 is dangerous for pregnant women, so it is important to inform health professionals about exposure.


The symptoms of the fifth disease include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Runny nose


Chickenpox is the most common infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes itchy, blister-like rashes. The rash appears first on the chest, back, and face, then spreads over the entire body, causing 250 to 500 itchy blisters. Chickenpox can be serious, especially in children, teens, adults, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems. The best way to stop chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine.


The symptoms may last a few days and include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite


Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria, usually Staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Impetigo develops when bacteria enter the skin and multiply. Impetigo can develop when your skin has a poor barrier or when your immune system is weak, for example in children with eczema. Impetigo can develop in children with poor skin hygiene or even infected skin.


Impetigo begins as a small gallbladder or fluid-filled wound. The ulcer then ruptures and drains, leaving areas covered with honey-coloured crusts. Impetigo usually appears on the face, neck, arms, and extremities, but lesions can appear anywhere on the body.

The symptoms of impetigo are similar to those of other skin conditions. Always consult your paediatrician for a diagnosis.


Warts can be caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, which infects the outer layer of the skin. The most common type of wart is an enlarged, rough bump. It usually appears on the hands and feet but infects other parts of the body. Sometimes the grains are enlarged and not harsh; These are called flat pimples and are often seen on the face. Some children may have only a few grains, while others may have dozens. Although warts can spread and look uncomfortable, they are harmless and generally lasts one to two years if left untreated.

Types of warts

  • Common warts
  • Foot warts
  • Flat warts
  • Filiform warts

Heat rash (prickly heat)

Heat rash (prickly heat) is a red or pink rash that usually appears on clothed areas of the body. It develops when the sweat vessels become blocked and swollen, often causing discomfort and itching. Heat rash is common in babies, but it can affect adults in hot, humid environments.


Common symptoms of hot flashes are rash, itching, and blisters. Pus can form inside small wounds on the surface of the skin. Sweat can also get trapped under the skin and then sweat through the flesh-coloured bumps. You may feel a burning sensation on your skin and an “itchy” sensation (like something is crawling on your skin).

Body parts are areas that are generally exposed to the sun, such as the arms, face, neck, and the creases of the elbows. Affected areas can also include very tight areas such as the abdominal wall, groin, thigh folds, buttocks, and under the breasts.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. It is caused by exposure to a substance that can irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction. It appears as a collection of small red pimples or bumps on the surface of the skin that has been exposed to some type of allergen. It can be caused by certain foods, lotions, chemicals, or plants like poison ivy. 

The rash begins within a day or two of exposure, depending on the sensitivity, and lasts as long as contact lasts or until it heals, which can take one to two weeks. Topical antihistamines or steroids can reduce symptoms. People often mistake contact dermatitis for a skin infection like impetigo.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic itchy skin condition that is very common in children but can occur at any age. It is also known as eczema and atopic eczema and was previously known as Besnier Prurigo. It is the most common form of dermatitis.


In infants and children, the rashes usually appear on the scalp, knees, elbows, and cheeks.

In adults, rashes occur on the wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, folds of the face, and neck.

The rash is usually itchy, red, and scaly. Scratch marks often occur due to the itchy nature of the rash. If one has this rash for a long time, the affected skin becomes thicker.


The hives are red and sometimes itchy on the skin. They are usually caused by an allergic reaction to a drug or food. Allergic reactions occur when your body releases chemicals that swell in the rash. People with other allergies are more likely to get skin rashes than other people. Other causes include infections and stress.


The hives appear as “wheals” (swelling) on the skin, sometimes pink or red, and has a red patch around it. Usually round or oval, the rash is often itchy. The rash varies in size and some combine to form large areas of inflammation.

The rash can affect the skin on any part of the body, especially the trunk, thighs, upper arms, and face. Most individual eruptions disappear quickly, but new cultures appear every 24 to 72 hours if the individual continues to be exposed to the environment or substance that triggered the culture.

If the hive is an early sign of a whole-body reaction, other symptoms to look for are swelling of the tongue, lips, or face; difficulty breathing; dizziness; chest tightness; And shortness of breath. If these symptoms appear, seek medical help immediately. You can develop a malignant condition called anaphylaxis.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that often causes a typical rash with pinkish-red patches that cover the entire body. It affects people with a recent sore throat (strep throat) or school ulcers (impetigo) caused by certain species of group A streptococcus bacteria. The toxin released by strep bacteria causes a rash of scarlet fever.


Symptoms of scarlet fever include:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach ache
  • Coated white tongue

So, these are the most common childhood skin disorders which are treated by a dermatologist.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *