General Topics

Common Nail Disorders in Children | Dermatology

What are nail disorders in children?

Nail disorders in children can be partitioned into seven classes. The first is the physiological modifications that every doctor should be aware of to reassure parents. These generally vanish with age and don’t need any treatment. Among the congenital and hereditary conditions, nail and patella syndrome should not be missed, with the pathological lunula triangle, because the identification of the disease allows early diagnosis of associated diseases.

The most common infection is periungual warts, which are meticulous treatment. Herpetic whitlow must be distinguished from bacterial whitlow as their treatment approaches differ. Skin conditions include eczema, psoriasis, lichen planus, striped lichen, trachea, and ophthalmic pustulosis. It is important to recognize lichen planus when it appears as it does in adults because if left untreated, it can lead to permanent nail loss. Systemic or therapeutic changes in the nails may be severe, but they are not usually the first clue to a diagnosis.

Beau streaks on multiple nails are very common in babies after the peak temperature. Tumors are rare in children. The radiographic examination allows confirming the diagnosis of sublingual metastases. Other cases should undergo biopsy. Single-digit longitudinal melanoma in babies is most often caused by moles. Its management should be designed on a case-by-case basis. Blunt trauma in children should never be underestimated and hand surgeons should be involved if necessary. Nail swallowing and nail mania are responsible for chronic trauma.

Common nail disorders in children

Nail disorders in children and infants are common. Usually, this is just a cosmetic issue and nothing to worry about. Here are some of the more common nail disorders in children:

  1. Beau’s lines: These show up as spaces that stumble into the nails. In infants, these streaks most commonly appear after birth. In older children, it may be seen after a high temperature, or uncommonly, it could be a sign of zinc deficiency.
  2. Koilonychia (spoon nails): Due to the delicate and delicate nature of young children’s nails, these nails have a smooth texture and a stripped-down look. It most often occurs in the thumb and big toes. Uncommonly has been linked to iron deficiency.
  3. Onycholysis: In this case, the nail separates from the nail bed. In children, this is usually caused by trauma but can sometimes be seen with autoimmune diseases as well.
  4. Onychoschizia: Toenail tips become frayed and split in this common condition. The dorsal jaw is most commonly seen in the first few years of life on the thumb and big toes and is thought to be the result of repeated trauma, thumb sucking, and nail-biting.
  5. Onychomadesis: Usually, in this condition, all of the nails detach from the nail bed at the skin and peel off completely. These fallen nails can be related to viral contamination, particularly hand, foot, and mouth illness, measles, Kawasaki malady, or whatever other diseases that cause a high temperature.
  6. Paronychia: This is caused by an infection that occurs on or near the edge of the nail. Symptoms include redness, swelling, and a drop-filled area at the corner of the nail.
  7. Leukonychia: These areas, which are seen as white spots on the fingernails, are thought to be caused by slight trauma and are not a sign of a high intake of vitamins or minerals as is common.
  8. Onychomycosis: A common fungal infection in adults, this condition is less common in children and is known to be difficult to treat.
  9. Nail pits: Exact indentations in the nail bed may be a normal result in infants and young children.

Diagnosis of nail disorders in children

If your child shows signs of nail abnormalities, a pediatric dermatologist can perform the following checks and tests for diagnosis of nail disorders in children:

  • Physical exam: The dermatologist will examine his toenails and as well as other areas of the body.
  • Nail culture: Nail clippings may be taken for further study. Nail clippings can be sent to the laboratory and placed in a culture dish to encourage the growth of bacteria, viruses, or fungi. What appears on the culture allows the doctor to determine what may be causing nail changes or infection.
  • Biopsy. In rare cases, a skin biopsy (a sample of skin tissue) is taken for further study under a microscope to aid in the diagnosis.

Treatments for nail disorders in children

Meds are accessible to treat nail contaminations and decrease side effects. It includes the types of drugs used to treat nail disorders in children:

  • Anti-inflammatory creams: These topical creams reduce inflammation and redness.
  • Topical antibiotic creams and oral antibiotics fight bacterial nail infections.
  • Antifungal medicines: When the nail disorder is fungal in nature, oral and topical antifungal medications are used to destroy the fungi.
General Topics

Side Effects Of Cancer Surgery | Oncology

What are the side effects of Cancer surgery?

Cancer surgery, like all cancer treatments, has benefits, risks, and side effects. The types and severity of side effects vary from person to person based on several factors:

  • Cancer type and location
  • Type of surgery
  • Other treatments obtained before surgery, such as chemotherapy
  • The general health of the individual

Before agreeing to undergo cancer surgery, you will be informed about the risks and benefits. You will also learn about the side effects.

Today, most people can undergo less invasive surgery than ever before. The side effects of cancer surgery are minimal, and people recover quickly. Also, doctors can reduce pain and other physical side effects of cancer surgery.

Relief from side effects is an important part of cancer care and treatment. This is called palliative or supportive care. Talk to your healthcare team about the side effects of the surgery you are experiencing. This includes any new side effects or changes in side effects.

Other cancer treatments

Your doctor may recommend other options as part of your treatment plan:

Targeted therapy, in which drugs work against specific parts of cancer cells or prevent them from spreading. Immunotherapy, also known as biological therapy, involves the body getting immunity to fight cancer.

Also known as hormone therapy, hormone therapy, or hormone therapy, which treats cancers that develop cancer (such as breast cancer and prostate cancer). Stem cell transplantation. Doctors use chemotherapy or radiation to kill as many cancer cells as possible and then try to replace them with healthy stem cells from the bone marrow or blood.

Photodynamic therapy. Doctors inject a special drug into the bloodstream and then kill cancer cells using a specific type of light.

As with any cancer treatment, it may take some time to find out how it affects your disease. Stay in touch with your doctor and tell her about anything that doesn’t seem right to you. You are a very important part of your cancer care team.

Common side effects of cancer surgery

Some pain is common after cancer surgery. The amount and location of the pain depend on several factors, including:

  • You had surgery on the body
  • How big is the incision or surgical cut
  • How much tissue is removed
  • If you have pain before surgery.

The pain gradually decreases after surgery as the body heals. During this time, your doctor may prescribe pain relievers to reduce your discomfort.

Fatigue. Most people feel very tired after major surgery, especially when it comes to the abdomen or chest. Causes of fatigue from surgery:

  • Anesthesia
  • The body uses energy to aid in the healing process.
  • How nutritious is a person
  • Lack of appetite after surgery.
  • The stress of surgery
  • Fatigue usually goes away gradually, 2 to 4 weeks after surgery.

Decreases appetite. Lack of appetite after surgery is very common, especially when people receive general anesthesia. It may be associated with temporary weight loss. Most people regain their appetite and return to their normal weight as the effects of the surgery wear off.

Swelling around the surgical site. It is normal to have some swelling after surgery. A surgical skin incision is a form of injury to the body. The body’s natural response to injury is inflammation, which causes inflammation. Since healing occurs after surgery, the swelling usually goes away.

Drainage of the surgical site. Sometimes fluid that collects at the surgical site flows through the surgical wound. Signs of infection include a runny nose, fever, and redness around the wound. If you have signs of infection, contact your surgeon’s office. See below for more information on infections.

Injuries around the surgical site. After any surgical incision, some blood may leak from the small blood vessels under the skin. It causes injury, which often occurs after surgery. If you have significant swelling along with bruising, contact your surgeon’s office.

Numbness. It is common to experience some numbness at the incision site. This is because the nerves in the skin are cut during surgery. Although cramps do not usually cause a person any problems, they can last for a long time.

Bleeding during cancer surgery, people often lose some blood. But it is usually minimal and does not affect the normal functions of the body. Sometimes people lose large amounts of blood due to surgery. In these conditions, the surgical team has blood available if a transplant is needed.

After cancer surgery, you may experience some bleeding from the wound. If this happens, cover it with a clean, dry bandage and contact your surgeon’s office. If there is too much blood, push until you go to your surgeon’s office or local emergency room.

Infection: Infection can occur at the incision site, but it can also occur in other parts of the body. Surgeons take great care to reduce the risk of infection during the operation. After surgery, your health care team will teach you how to prevent infection while you recover. Signs of infection in surgical incisions:

  • Red
  • Hot
  • More pain
  • Drainage due to injury

If you have any of these signs, contact your surgical care team. Antibiotics generally work well to treat most infections.

Side effects listed below:

  • Anemia
  • Lack of appetite
  • Bleeding and trauma (thrombocytopenia)
  • Constipation
  • Diarrhea
  • Edema (swelling)
  • Fatigue
  • Reproductive problems in boys and men
  • Reproductive problems in girls and women
  • Flu-like symptoms
  • Hair loss (alopecia)
  • Infection and neutropenia
  • Lymphedema
  • Memory or concentration problems
  • Mouth and throat problems
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Neurological problems (peripheral neuropathy)
  • Immunotherapy and organ-related inflammation
  • Pain
  • Sexual health problems in men
  • Sexual health problems in women
  • Changes in skin and nails
  • Sleep problems and insomnia
  • Urinary and bladder problems

Keep in mind that side effects of cancer surgery vary from person to person, even in those who receive the same type of cancer treatment.

General Topics

Symptoms and Treatment of Leprosy in Children | Dermatology

What is leprosy in children?

Leprosy in children is a chronic benign infectious disease caused by mycobacterium. It mainly affects the skin, mucous membranes, and nerves. It is a major public health problem in many developing countries despite effective treatment. Leprosy was universally “eliminated as a public health problem” 18 years ago, although new cases continue to appear in local areas and 9 out of 100 new cases diagnosed today are children.

The current scenario is illustrated by doctor, team leader of the World Health Organization (WHO) global leprosy control program. “The world has the tools, the right drugs, and the political will, but I can’t detect this disease early, especially in children. Children are considered to be the most susceptible group to infection with leprosy. Due to their immature or new immune system and exposure to intra-family contact.

Leprosy in children can be a big masquerade and misdiagnosed as an asymptomatic hypopigmented patch on the face or hands, spreading to infiltrates all over the skin and causing neurological symptoms such as sensory loss or muscle weakness. Therefore, in areas where leprosy is still prevalent, it should be not only dermatologists but also physicians/neurologists/pediatricians involved in the medical care of children and adolescents who are under differential diagnosis. In the absence of an effective vaccine, early diagnosis and treatment are needed to prevent deformities and disabilities and reduce the physical, psychological, and financial burden of the disease.

Causes of leprosy in children

Leprosy in children is primarily mycobacterium, a slow-growing rod-shaped bacillus, an intracellular bacterium (which only grows inside some human and animal cells). M. leprosy is known as the “acid-fast” bacteria due to its chemical properties.

When medical professionals use special dyes for microscopic analysis, it turns red on a blue background due to the mycolic acid content in its cell walls. Joel-Nielsen Stein is an example of a special staining technique used to view acid-fast organisms under a microscope.

Currently, organisms cannot be grown in artificial media. Bacteria take a long time to reproduce in cells (around 12 to 14 days compared to a few minutes to hours for most bacteria). Bacteria thrive best at 80.9 F-86 F, so cold areas of the body can develop an infection.

Bacteria thrive on macrophages (a type of immune system cell) and Schwann cells (cells that cover and protect nerve axons). M. leprosy is genetically related to M. tuberculosis (the type of bacteria that causes tuberculosis) and other mycobacteria that infect humans. They are diseases related to leprosy.

With malaria, leprosy patients produce anti-endothelial antibodies (antibodies against the tissues that line the blood vessels), but the role of these antibodies in these diseases is still being studied.

In 2009, researchers discovered a new species of mycobacterium, M. lepromatosis, which causes a contagious disease (lepromatous leprosy). Considered one of the tropical diseases, this new species (determined by genetic analysis) has been found in patients in Mexico and the Caribbean.

Symptoms of leprosy in children

Leprosy in children primarily affects the skin and nerves outside the brain and spinal cord called peripheral nerves. It can also affect the fine tissue inside the eyes and nose. The main symptom of leprosy is deformed skin sores, lumps, or lumps that go away after several weeks or months. The skin lesions are pale in color.

Nerve damage can cause:

  • Loss of sensation in the arms and legs
  • Muscular weakness

It usually takes 3 to 5 years for symptoms to appear after contact with bacteria that cause leprosy. Some people do not develop symptoms until after 20 years. The time between contact with bacteria and the onset of symptoms is called the incubation period. The long incubation period of leprosy makes it very difficult for doctors to determine when and where a person with leprosy is infected.

Diagnosis of leprosy in children

Leprosy in children can be diagnosed by the appearance of patches of skin that are lighter or darker in color than normal skin. Sometimes the affected skin areas can become red. Loss of sensation is common in these skin patches. You may not feel light touch or hit with the needle.

To confirm the diagnosis, your doctor will look for bacteria under a microscope under a sample of your skin or nerve (via skin or nerve biopsy) also perform tests to rule out other skin conditions.

Treatment for leprosy in children

Leprosy in children can be cured. In the last two decades, 16 million people have been cured of leprosy. The World Health Organization provides free treatment to all people with leprosy. Treatment depends on the type of leprosy you have. Antibiotics are used to treat the infection.

Long-term treatment with two or more antibiotics is recommended, usually six months to a year. People with severe leprosy may need to take antibiotics for longer. Antibiotics cannot treat nerve damage.

Anti-inflammatory drugs are used to control nerve pain and damage associated with leprosy. This may include steroids, such as prednisone.

Patients with leprosy may also be given thalidomide, strong medicine that suppresses the body’s immune system. It helps to treat skin nodules from leprosy. Thalidomide is known to cause serious and life-threatening birth defects and should never be taken by pregnant women or pregnant women.

Department to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology
General Topics

Most dangerous cancers in men and women | Oncology

What are the most dangerous cancers in men and women?

Lung cancer

Lung cancer is now officially a health concern for women, accounting for nearly half of lung cancer cases according to the cancer prevention and treatment fund. In the United States, lung cancer claims more lives than breast cancer. Smoking was the obvious reason for these tragic numbers, peaking in 1997 and starting to rise again in the 1960s. Although the percentages are believed to have decreased, lung cancer still kills more women than they combine all gynecologic cancers.

Causes of lung cancer

As we’ve mentioned before, smoking is one of the main causes of this aggressive cancer stress in women. It is the cause of 90% of these cancers is lung cancer and lung cancer cases in women worldwide. Smoking is believed to have been more prevalent among women in the Western world after the 1940s. As of this date, the number of deaths from lung and lung cancer increased by 600% between 1950 and 1997. Without smoking, a woman can reduce her chances of getting lung cancer, but only by about 50%. Other causes of lung cancer include air pollution, radiation, and asbestos. The saddest aspect of lung cancer is that many women affected by passive smoking die at home or at work.

Symptoms of lung cancer Ung

Whether male or female, the symptoms remain the same:

  • Chest pain and normal breathing.
  • Prevents a persistent cough that can lead to blood and insomnia at night
  • You feel tired for a long time for no apparent reason
  • Recurrent bronchitis and pneumonia

Ung survived lung cancer

For those who have experienced the above symptoms and have lung cancer, the survival rate has not improved much compared to the figures taken in the 1950s. Treatment is generally designed with a variety of treatments including chemotherapy and erlotinib. To have the best hope of defeating lung cancer, victims must be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible.

Liver cancer

Liver and bile duct cancers The US is the fifth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in men.

It is important to distinguish “liver cancer” from “metastasis” to “liver” because most of the people who talk about liver cancer are actually referring to cancer that has spread to the liver from other parts of the body.

If liver cancer occurs, it is called “primary liver cancer.” If cancer starts in another organ, it is called metastatic liver cancer, similar to the metastatic liver and lung cancer.

The most common cancers in men are lung, lung, pancreas, and colon.

Risk factors for liver cancer

  • History of binge drinking
  • Chronic hepatitis B infection
  • Hepatitis C infection
  • A hereditary syndrome called hemochromatosis

Exposure to aflatoxins (Aflatoxin is a mold that sometimes feeds on mold containing peanuts, corn, or animals. It is more common in less developed areas).

The symptoms of liver cancer are similar to those of pancreatic cancer and can include:

  • Jaundice
  • Lack of appetite
  • Abdominal pain

Although screening is recommended for people with chronic hepatitis B infection or cirrhosis, there is currently no routine screening test for liver cancer.

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer is the 10th most common cause of cancer-related death in men. Kidney cancer arises in the cells of the kidney, the bilateral fist-sized organs behind our other organs in the abdomen.

The most common type of kidney cancer, about 90% of these cancers, is renal cell cancer. Other types include metastatic cell cancer, Wilms tumor, and renal sarcoma.

Features include:

  • Blood in the urine
  • Pain or lump on one side of the abdomen
  • Nonspecific symptoms such as fatigue, fever, or weight loss.
  • Both smoking and being overweight are linked to kidney cancer, but heredity also plays a role for some.

The genetic disorder von Hippel-Lindau disease increases the risk of kidney cancer and family history, especially the risk of kidney cancer in siblings.

Some chemical exposures, as well as some pain relievers, increase risk, which is not surprising since the kidneys act as a filter for our blood.

Having a history of high blood pressure increases the risk of kidney cancer, although it is not known whether this is due to high blood pressure or the medications used to treat high blood pressure.

The incidence of kidney cancer appears to be increasing, although researchers do not know if many people actually develop kidney cancer or if cancers can be easily detected with access to better imaging studies.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is the eighth leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the United States and the fourth leading cancer diagnosis in men.

There are many types of bladder cancer, the most common being metastatic cell cancer.

In about 50% of men, when bladder cancer is considered undesirable, it only involves the lining of the bladder cells.

Another 35% of men are diagnosed when the disease develops deep into the bladder tissue, and only 15% of the time cancer spreads to distant organs at the time of diagnosis.

For this reason, and because there is no regular screening tool, it is important to know the symptoms of bladder cancer. These may include:

  • Hematuria (blood in the urine)
  • Pain when urinating
  • Frequent urination

Risk factors for bladder cancer

  • Professional exposure to chemicals (especially in the dye industry)
  • Of smoking
  • Some medicines and herbal medicines
  • Family history of the disease

Note that there are many cancers associated with smoking, including lung cancer, and smoking is believed to be the cause in 50% of men with bladder cancer.

Breast cancer

Although lung cancer and lung cancer is the most common form of cancer in women in the US, it is the most common form of breast cancer in the UK. According to the NHS, one in eight women will be diagnosed with breast cancer at some point in their lives. Men can also develop breast cancer even though their number is much lower compared to women. In particular, there are two main types of breast cancer in women and they are invasive or invasive. As the names suggest, invasive breast cancer is a more aggressive version. It develops in the cells of the mammary cells and is also the most common form of this type of cancer. Invasive breast cancer develops outside of the actual breast and usually presents itself as a lump.

Causes of breast cancer

Unlike lung cancer, the actual causes of breast cancer cannot be defined in the same way. Older women are more likely to get breast cancer, and those with a family history of breast cancer are also more likely to get this aggressive disease. Women who already have breast cancer or possibly benign tumors are at higher risk of developing it again. Alcohol overdose is also believed to be a detectable factor, increasing a woman’s chances of getting breast cancer and this also applies to those who are medically deficient. Basically, it is widely believed that the best way to reduce your chances of getting breast cancer is to stay healthy and avoid anything in high doses.

Symptoms of breast cancer

We have already mentioned the common breast lump in women with this type of cancer, but sometimes this symptom is associated with non-cancerous problems. Lumps around the armpits are also signs that your doctor should mention at the initial convenience. Nipple rash or a change in the appearance of your nipple should also be taken very seriously.

Survived breast cancer

Women who are unlucky enough to develop breast cancer have the best chance of survival through early diagnosis and later treatment. Unfortunately, there are many cases in which cancer has spread throughout the body before it was diagnosed. Generally, after breast cancer is diagnosed, surgery is the first line of treatment and is resolved with radiation therapy or chemotherapy. Biological or hormonal therapies can also be implemented, depending on the type of treatment recommended and the extent to which the type of breast cancer has been diagnosed.

Pancreatic cancer

This type of cancer is ultra aggressive and often too late for effective treatment. Historically, pancreatic cancer has proven to be very difficult to detect in the early stages. Early diagnosis is crucial for all types of cancer in men and women, and one study suggests that a specific type of bacteria in the mouth is crucial for both early detection of pancreatic cancer and subsequent successful treatment.

Causes of pancreatic cancer

Smoking is one of the main risk factors for developing pancreatic cancer. Other causes include having type 2 diabetes, having a history in your family, and those over the age of 60. Also, if one of your family members has had ovarian or colon cancer in the past, your chances of getting pancreatic cancer are actually tripled.

Pancreatic cancer symptoms

Pancreatic cancer is known in the medical world as the “silent killer” and is due to the difficulty of being successfully diagnosed at an early stage. While this is bad news for women and men around the world, there are some symptoms. Jaundice and weight loss, along with localized pain, are signs of pancreatic cancer, although they are also associated with a wide variety of diseases that can be very difficult for medical professionals to diagnose accurately.


Leukemia is not a disease, but it can include:

  • Acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
  • Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML)
  • Acute lymphocytic leukemia (ALL)
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)

Other forms

Since it is blood-related cancer, the symptoms, like other cancers, generally do not exist in one area. Additionally, the symptoms of leukemia often overlap with other conditions and can include:

  • Fatigue
  • You feel weak
  • Easily injured
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Frequent infections

The causes of leukemia vary by type but can vary widely from environmental exposure to genetic predisposition, such as Down syndrome.

Treatment for certain types of leukemia has improved significantly in recent years. ALL, the most common in children, is rapidly malignant. Now, with treatment, about 80% of children achieve long-term disease-free survival.

Treatment of CML has improved tremendously. Until 2001, CML was a slow (initially) but almost universally malignant cancer.

Since then, Glivec (Imatinib) and second-generation drugs have been implicated in the long-term control of the disease in many of those with an early and persistent molecular response to Glivec.

The excellent response to Gleevec in CML is proof of the principle that long-term responses can be achieved in some malignant conditions without eradicating the disease.

Although some cancers cannot be “cured,” most cancers can eventually be treated as a chronic disease, which means that we can control diabetes.

Colorectal cancer

In some countries, including Canada, colorectal cancer is as common a cause of death for women as breast cancer. As with any type of cancer, early diagnosis is important when it comes to colorectal cancer. Also known as colon or bowel cancer, it is especially common in women over 60 years of age.

Causes of colorectal cancer

As mentioned in the previous paragraph, women over 60 are more likely to get colon cancer, according to the NHS, 90% of all female patients are this age. Poor diet and malnutrition also increase the chances of suffering from this aggressive disease. Lack of exercise and excessive alcohol consumption are considered factors in the development of colorectal cancer, such as smoking. If you have a lot of red meat in your diet, your chances of developing colorectal cancer will also increase.

Symptoms of colorectal cancer

The presence of blood in the stool is enough to sound the alarm when it comes to early warning signs. Women who encounter a change in bowel movement or painful abdominal pain are advised to consult with their doctor or carefully. Unfortunately, symptoms are not always clearly presented and this reinforces the need to maintain a balanced diet and avoid excessive alcohol consumption. To make matters worse, it does not mean that the above symptoms are the cause of colon cancer.

Ovarian cancer

For obvious reasons, ovarian cancer only affects women and is very difficult to diagnose at an early stage. This is partly due to the fact that symptoms are often associated with many other factors. Unfortunately, there are no screening methods that can accurately diagnose this type of cancer at an early stage. Very often, the tell-tale signs of ovarian cancer become less dangerous, such as premenstrual syndrome or irritable bowel syndrome.

Causes of ovarian cancer

Age is definitely a factor, as women over the age of 50 are more likely to get ovarian cancer. According to the NHS, 80% of all ovarian cancer cases occur in women of that age. Family history and genetics also increase the risk of developing ovarian cancer. In some circles, people who take hormone replacement therapy are less likely to develop ovarian cancer. Staying healthy and eating right, exercising regularly, and avoiding smoking can help prevent ovarian cancer.

Symptoms of ovarian cancer

Women who constantly feel bloated with a bloated stomach should definitely talk to their doctor about a checkup for ovarian cancer. Feeling full even after eating a few bites can be a sign that all is not well. Vaginal bleeding, feeling tired and needing to pump water more often than usual.

General Topics

Symptoms and Treatment for Impetigo in Children | Dermatology

What is impetigo in children?

Impetigo in children is an infection of the skin. When it only affects the surface, it is called surface impetigo. Impetigo also affects the deeper parts of the skin. This is called eczema. It can occur on healthy skin. Or it can happen where the skin is cut, scratched, or injured by an insect bite.

Impetigo is most common in children ages 2 to 5. It is contagious. This means that it can be easily passed from one person to another. It can be spread around the house. Children can infect other family members and grow back on their own.

Causes of impetigo in children

Impetigo in children is an infection caused by a species of staph or streptococcus. These bacteria enter your body through breaks in the skin caused by cuts, scrapes, insect bites, or rashes. Then they can attack and colonize. You can get this bacteria if you touch the sores of a person with impetigo or on items such as towels, clothes, or sheets that the person uses.

However, these bacteria are also common in our environment, and most people do not necessarily develop the stimulus. Some people usually carry congested bacteria inside their noses. If the bacteria spread to your skin, they can become infected.

If adults and children are at high risk for impetigo:

  • You have compromised immunity to HIV
  • It includes skin conditions such as eczema, dermatitis, or psoriasis
  • There are sunburns or other burns.
  • Itchy infections such as lice, itching, herpes simplex, or chickenpox
  • Having insect bites or poison ivy
  • Do contact sports
  • Live in a hot and humid environment
  • Has diabetes
  • Undergo dialysis

Risk factors for impetigo in children

Factors that increase the risk of impetigo:

  • Hot and humid climate: Impetigo infections are more common in the summer
  • Some sports: Participation in skin-to-skin sports such as soccer or wrestling will increase your motivation
  • Broken skin: The bacteria that cause impetigo often get into your skin through a small sore on the skin, an insect bite, or a rash
  • Years: Impetigo usually occurs in children 2 to 5 years of age
  • Congestion conditions: Impetigo spreads easily in schools and child care settings

Adults and people with diabetes or a weakened immune system are more likely to develop edema.

Symptoms of impetigo in children

The classic signs and symptoms of impetigo are red sores that break open quickly, dissolve within a few days, and then form a yellowish-brown crust. The sores usually appear around the nose and mouth but can spread to other parts of the body through fingers, clothing, and towels. The itching and pain are usually mild.

A less common form of the disorder, called bullous impetigo, can be large blisters that occur on the trunk of infants and young children. A more severe form of impetigo called eczema penetrates deep into the skin – a painful fluid or pus-filled sores turn into deep ulcers.

Diagnosis of impetigo in children

Doctors usually confirm the motivation by looking at typical lesions. Laboratory tests are generally not necessary.

If the sores don’t go away, even with antibiotics, your doctor can take a liquid sample from your throat and test it to see what kinds of antibiotics work best. Some types of bacteria that cause impetigo in children are resistant to certain antibiotics.

Treatment for impetigo in children

The pediatrician will determine the specific treatment for impetigo in children based on the following criteria:

  • Child’s age, general health, and medical history
  • The extent of the situation
  • Child tolerance to specific medications, procedures, or treatments
  • Estimates of the course of the situation
  • The opinion or preference of the child or parent

Treatment may include:

  • Washing daily with antibacterial soap reduces the risk of infection
  • It is recommended that everyone in the household wash their hands (to help reduce the risk of infection)
  • Keeping a child’s fingernails small reduces the risk of scratching and the spread of infection
  • Avoid sharing clothes, towels, and other household items to prevent the spread of infection
  • Oral antibiotics (for several wounds)
  • The topical antibiotic is applied directly to the wound

Prevention for impetigo in children

If the wounds cannot be covered reliably, children with the infection should no longer stay home until they are infected. Adults who work in closely related jobs should ask their doctor when it is safe to return to work.

There is no good hygiene. One way to avoid motivation. Follow these tips:

  • Do not touch or scratch open wounds. It spreads the infection
  • Wash anything associated with impetigo sores in hot water and bleach
  • Change bed linen, towels, and clothes that are often associated with sores, until the sores are no longer sticky
  • Clean and disinfect surfaces, equipment, and toys associated with impetigo
  • Don’t share personal matters with a motivated person
  • Bathe frequently and wash your hands to reduce bacteria on your skin
  • Cover any skin lesions or insect bites to protect this area
  • Cut your nails and keep them clean

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology