General Topics

Treatment and Types of Weight Loss With Cancer | Oncology

Weight loss with cancer

Weight loss with cancer: When they are first diagnosed with cancer, 40% of people report unexplained weight loss. Up to 80 percent of people with advanced cancer lose weight and become weak. The waste is also known as cachexia, which is a combination of weight loss and muscle.

Weight loss will be followed by constant fatigue and tiredness. This may be one of the reasons you should go to the doctor first. There are many causes of weight loss with cancer, and your doctor can treat most of them. Weight loss with cancer will be followed by constant fatigue and tiredness. But this is not the only reason. For those with cancer, other causes:

  • Pain
  • A bloated stomach (abdomen)
  • Sensation and sickness (nausea and vomiting)
  • Hard to swallow
  • Feeling of fullness due to swollen (enlarged) liver
  • Clogged intestine
  • Blood is high in calcium
  • Malabsorption

What can I do to maintain my weight and increase strength?

In addition to taking any medications prescribed by your doctor, there are many things you can do to keep your body strong. Good, balanced nutrition and adequate hydration are very important. Eat a balanced diet and be sure to include protein to maintain lean body mass. Beef, pork, chicken, tofu, and soy are excellent sources of protein.

Dairy products are the same – try some greek yogurt, which is higher in protein than regular yogurt. For more information on nutrition during treatment, read the title of the Cancer Care fact sheet “Importance of nutrition during treatment.”

Increase the number of calories you eat. Choose nutritious foods that you like. If hunger is a problem, try eating small, frequent meals. Prepare smoothies, shakes, and purees, which may be easier to digest. And add milk or protein powder to your diet. Drink plenty of fluids throughout the day. Water is best, but you can also get liquids from soups, popsicles, and sports drinks.

Keeping track of the side effects you are experiencing can help your healthcare team. Having a health care diary or notebook allows you to keep all of your medical information in one place. If you have constipation, keeping a detailed journal can help

The physical activities you do and how they affect your mood and energy level.

  • Your diet
  • Fluid intake and fluid type
  • Medications you are currently taking

Physical exercise also plays a key role in building new muscles and reducing fatigue. It has also been shown to improve mood, attitude, and self-image. If you are very weak or tired, start with a 3-4 minute walk at a time and continue from there. You can also try somebody exercises while sitting in a chair, moving your arms up and down and front to back can help you maintain flexibility.

Making a fist and raising your arms up and down will increase strength. Round shoulders restrict chest movement, but good posture can help you breathe and reduce fatigue. Focus on increasing your breathing during activities: for example, when climbing stairs, inhale it with each step, so as not to tire yourself when climbing.

Weight loss with cancer can depend on cancer type

About 60 out of 100 people with lung cancer (60%) experience loss of appetite and significant weight loss at the time of diagnosis. Of those with upper gastrointestinal cancer, this figure is 80 (80%) per 100 people. Upper gastrointestinal cancers include:

  • Cancer of the esophagus (esophagus)
  • Stomach cancer
  • Small intestine cancer
  • Pancreatic cancer
  • Liver cancer (including primary and secondary liver cancers, bile duct and gallbladder cancers)

When to worry about your weight

Without eating more than 5% of your normal weight diet in 6 to 12 months, your doctor will want to know the cause of your loss. Losing 5% of your normal weight may not sound like a lot. But if you continue to lose weight at this rate, it can become a serious problem.

  • Control your weight
  • At the same time once a week, weigh yourself wearing the same clothes
  • If you don’t have standards, look at how tight or lose your clothes, watch or rings are
  • Tell your doctor or nurse if you are concerned about changes in your weight.

Weight loss with cancer treatment

Cancer treatments can also lead to weight loss. Radiation and chemotherapy often reduce appetite. The weight loss will be followed by radiation and chemotherapy, which will reduce the risk of overeating.

  • Mouth ulcers
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Fatigue

Weight loss with cancer medications

Depending on your specific condition, your doctor may prescribe weight loss with cancer medications:

  • Megestrol acetate (Palace, Ovaban), the hormone progesterone
  • Steroids such as a pancreatic enzyme (lipase), metoclopramide (Reglan), or dronabinol (Marinol)

Some cancer patients who have difficulty swallowing or chewing receive nutrition therapy through an IV. People with esophageal or head and neck cancer often have trouble eating or drinking.

Both radiation and chemotherapy are well known for their ability to cause nausea and vomiting. It is impossible to know who is affected by these symptoms because two people receiving similar treatments respond very differently. The reasons for these differences are sometimes easy to identify, but other times they are not clear.

While chemotherapy and radiation can cause each other nausea, chemotherapy can also take a more circular approach. In “Recognizing the Early Signs of Anemia,” we discussed the goals of chemotherapy to divide cells more quickly. Cells that line our digestive system: cells that divide rapidly from the mouth of all kinds.

When this lining is damaged, many symptoms appear, naming some of them as chewing and swallowing, nausea, indigestion, vomiting, and malabsorption. Each of these causes weight loss from cancer. To deal with these symptoms, doctors recommend eating small but frequent meals to slightly affect your digestive system.

Regardless of the cause, losing weight before and during cancer treatments can have devastating effects from a physical and psychological point of view. From changing the way we see and feel about our bodies to decreasing the effectiveness of treatments, weight loss with cancer is a serious condition.

At Cancer Horizons we ask that you openly and honestly consult with your doctor or subject who may lose weight due to cancer. Do not stay silent and think about what is going to happen, be active in your battle.

Prevent weight loss after treatment

If you get treatment for stomach cancer, weight loss may still be a problem as you recover. For example, if some of your stomachs were removed during surgery, you may not be able to digest foods like you used to. Your doctor will guide you on how to eat, but you may need to:

  • Eat smaller meals more often
  • Take vitamin supplements
  • Drink liquid meals to boost calories
General Topics

Causes and Treatments of Folliculitis in Children | Dermatology

What is folliculitis in children?

Folliculitis in children is an infection of the hair follicle. A hair follicle is a small pocket in which hair grows from the skin. Bacteria live naturally on the skin. But sometimes bacteria can get trapped in a follicle and cause inflammation or infection. This causes a bumpy rash. The area over the follicles is red and raised. It may be painful or itchy. The bumps may have fluid (pus) inside. Pus may leak and then crusts. The sores can spread to other areas of the body. Once it disappears, folliculitis can return at any time.

Folliculitis in children can occur anywhere in a child’s body where hair grows. It can occur due to friction from tight clothing. It may also occur if hair follicles are blocked by a bandage. Shaving the legs or face may also cause folliculitis.

The sores often disappear within a few days without treatment. In some cases, medication may be given. A little bit of skin or discharge might be taken to discover the sort of microorganisms causing the contamination.

Who’s at risk?

In infants, the following risk factors increase the likelihood of developing folliculitis in children:

  • Wearing tight clothing
  • Prolonged use of antibiotics or steroids
  • Impaired flexibility due to diseases such as AIDS
  • An infected wound or surgical incision

Signs and symptoms of folliculitis in children

The most common sites for folliculitis in children include:

  • Face
  • Arms and legs
  • Buttocks
  • Scalp

Single lesions of folliculitis are pus-filled bumps (pustules) centred around hair follicles. These pimples can be penetrated by ingrown hairs, and their size can vary from 2-5 mm, and they are often surrounded by a rim of inflamed skin from pink to red. Sometimes a folliculitis lesion can break (tear) to form a crust on the surface of the skin.

Mild to moderate folliculitis is often painful or itchy. More severe folliculitis, which may be deeper and affect the entire hair follicle, may be painful.

Mild to moderate folliculitis usually resolves quickly with treatment and does not leave scars. However, more severe folliculitis in children may lead to more serious complications such as deep skin tissue injury (called cellulitis), scarring, or permanent hair loss.

Causes of folliculitis in children

There are many reasons that hair follicle may become inflamed (red or irritated):

  • Bacterial infections: Infection with common or natural bacteria on the surface of the skin is the most common cause of folliculitis. It can also come from bacteria that thrive in hot tubs.
  • Ingrown hairs: This may happen after shaving hair anywhere on the body. As hair grows back, it can curl into the skin, causing irritation.
  • Friction(Rub): tight clothing or sports equipment.
  • Blocked follicles: Thick moisturizers, medications, tight dressings, sports equipment, and casts or clips can block hair follicles.
  • Excessive sweating

How is folliculitis in children diagnosed?

Your doctor will examine your skin and ask about your health and activities. He or she may run tests to find the cause of folliculitis in children and to make sure there is a no different problem, such as impetigo or heat rash. Testing a sample of the fluid in a blister or a sample of tissue can help your doctor find the cause of the infection.

How is folliculitis in children treated?

Mild folliculitis in children usually resolves on its own within about two weeks. You can take care of yourself at home with:

  • A warm compress: This may ease itching and aid healing. To make a warm pack, splash a hand towel in warm water. Squeeze out the excess water and place the towel on the affected skin.
  • Medicated shampoo: It can be used to treat folliculitis of the scalp or beard.

If the infection gets worse or does not go away, you may need to see your doctor. He or she may prescribe medication, such as an antibiotic.

Call your doctor if you have folliculitis in children and:

  • It spreads or keeps coming back.
  • You have a fever over 38 °
  • The affected area becomes red, swollen, warm, or more painful.

If the inflammation does not go away or continues to return, laser hair removal may be an option. The laser treatment destroys the hair follicles, so they don’t become infected.


To help prevent this folliculitis in children:

  • Make sure to clean and protect against any skin injuries.
  • Make sure your child washes his hands often.
  • Keep your child’s nails cut short.
  • Encourage older children and teens to keep their faces clean, to use clean razors, not to share razors, and to shower often.
  • Use only spas or well-maintained hot tubs.
  • Try to get your child to stay away from others who have this infection.


Folliculitis in children may include possible complications:

  • The infection spreads to other parts of the body
  • The infection returns
  • Scarring
General Topics

Dandruff in Kids Symptoms and Treatments | Dermatology

What is dandruff in kids?

Dandruff in kids is a common problem that causes irritation and itching on the scalp. Some people start to come of age. The skin of the scalp has many layers. The cells start to grow in the skin below and work until a layer of dead cells forms on the surface of the skin.

These dead cells fall into little flakes that we don’t even notice. Washing or brushing your hair will remove these small scales. For some, however, there are still very large flakes. These large flakes are what we call dandruff – and they cause a lot of pain as they appear on your hair and your clothes.

Some people may think that you are not taking good care of your appearance even when you are trying hard – but in reality, most people don’t notice these flakes as much as you do! For some people, their scalp is very itchy.

Causes of dandruff in kids

The exact cause of seborrhea is not known, although some researchers believe it is caused by the overproduction of sebum (sebum) in the sebaceous glands and hair follicles. A type of yeast (fungus) called Malassezia grows on the sebum with bacteria. This can be another factor in the development of seborrhea. Seborrhea occurs in people with high hormone levels (such as teenagers), which also plays a role.

Dandruff-related flakes can sometimes be caused by conditions other than seborrhea, including:

  • Dry skin caused by cold, dry winter air
  • Other skin conditions such as eczema, pimples, or psoriasis can cause dead cells to grow on the scalp
  • Shampooing too often is not enough
  • Using hair care products or hair dyes will leave a dry, scaly residue or have a bad reaction to these products

Dandruff is usually hereditary.  Other factors, such as oily skin, stress, a neurological condition such as Parkinson’s disease, or other conditions such as HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), which can damage the body’s immune system, can also increase dandruff.

Symptoms of dandruff in kids

If your child has dandruff, they may have a very dry or itchy scalp. You will see small white flakes of dead skin on her hair and dark clothes. If your child is scratching a lot, their scalp may turn red and sore. You are more likely to see dandruff when your child reaches puberty. It is likely to affect both boys and men.

Like a dandruff cap, it is a greasy, flaky, pale yellow crust that babies can stain on their scalp. But with the d and hat, the scale is more noticeable and is often thick, yellow, and difficult to remove. You are worried that your child has psoriasis. But in psoriasis, the scales are very thick and silvery, and they often appear in clear patches.

Diagnosis of dandruff in kids

Dandruff in kids is a condition that most people can diagnose on their own from the itchy, dry, and scalp symptoms. Seborrheic dermatitis presents as reddish skin with yellow, oily, and clear scales and plaques with clear margins.

Treatment for dandruff in kids

There are dandruff treatments that have been tried and tested on children:

  • Using a medicated shampoo: The use of shampoo treats most dandruff in children. Don’t go with shampoo; Instead, consult a skincare professional who can recommend an effective shampoo based on your child’s condition.
  • Be hydrated: Tell your child to drink as much water as possible. If they don’t drink on their own, give them a scoop of water or juice to meet their daily needs regularly. Keeping them hydrated will definitely reduce dandruff.
  • Brushing before shampooing: Brush your baby’s hair well before cleaning with baby shampoo. Brushing helps remove scales to some extent, which helps to better clean the scalp after shampooing.
  • Use of special combs and towels: Germs on common towels and combs Organizing special combs and towels for your child can lead to more dandruff problems.
  • Proper nutrition: Green leafy vegetables are a must for children facing dandruff problems. Proteins, carbohydrates, and other essential nutrients lead to hydrated and healthy skin, which reduces or eliminates dandruff.
  • Skin oil: Apply the oil to your baby’s scalp regularly or even every other day as this will help keep the scalp hydrated and thus make it dandruff free.
  • Do not apply harmful hair products: Children are more prone to skin problems and for the same reason hair gels or creams should not be used on baby’s hair as this can lead to dandruff or other hair problems.
  • Shampoo frequently: Shampoo your baby’s hair every other day. Frequent shampooing helps keep dust away, which is a leading cause of dandruff in children. Daily shampooing is not recommended.
General Topics

Types, Symptoms & Risk factors for Breast Cancer | Oncology

Why is breast cancer awareness so important?

Breast cancer is the most common type in women. Most women with breast cancer are over 50, but younger women can get breast cancer too. 1 in 8 women will be diagnosed with breast cancer in her lifetime. You have a better chance of recovery if caught early. For this reason, it is very important that women have regular breast exams to detect any changes and that they are monitored by a doctor.

It is a disease in which cells in the breast grow out of control. There are different types of breast cancer. The type of breast cancer depends on which cells in the breast become cancerous. It begins in different parts of the breast. The breast is made up of three main parts: the lobes, vessels, and connective tissue. The lobes are milk-producing glands. The vessels are the tubes that carry milk to the nipple. Connective tissue (which contains fibrous and fatty tissue) surrounds and holds everything together. Most breast cancers start in the vessels or lobes. It spreads outside of the breast through blood and lymphatic vessels. When breast cancer has spread to other parts of the body, it is said to have metastasized.

Symptoms of breast cancer

Different people have different symptoms of breast cancer. Some have no signs or symptoms.

Some warning signs:

  • New lump in the chest or armpit.
  • Thickening or swelling of part of the breast.
  • Irritation or discoloration of the skin of the breast.
  • Red or scaly skin in the nipple or breast area.
  • Nipple pulling or pain in the nipple area.
  • Nipple discharge instead of breast milk, including blood.
  • Any change in the size or shape of the breast.
  • Pain in any area of ​​the breast.
  • Be aware that these symptoms can occur with other non-cancerous conditions.

Risk factors for breast cancer

Risk factors you can’t change

  • Getting old. The risk of this disease increases with age; most breast cancers are diagnosed after age 50.
  • Genetic mutations. Inherited changes (mutations) in certain genes such as BRCA1 and BRCA2. Women who inherit these genetic changes have a higher risk of breast and ovarian cancer.
  • Playback history. Menstruation before age 12 and the onset of menopause after age 55 make women more susceptible to hormones and increase the risk.
  • You have dense breasts. Dense breasts contain more connective tissue than fatty tissue, which sometimes makes it difficult to see tumors on a mammogram. Women with thicker breasts are more likely to develop this disease.
  • Personal history of this disease or non-cancerous breast diseases. Women with this disease are more likely to have breast cancer a second time. Non-cancerous breast diseases, such as atypical hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ, have an increased risk of breast cancer.
  • Family history of breast or ovarian cancer. A woman with breast or ovarian cancer has a higher risk of developing breast cancer if she has a mother, sister, or daughter (first-degree cousin) or multiple family members on her mother’s or father’s side. Having a first-degree male relative with breast cancer increases a woman’s risk.
  • Previous treatment with radiotherapy. Women who have received radiation therapy to the breast or breast before the age of 30 (for the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma) have an increased risk of developing breast cancer in the future.
  • Women who took diethylstilbestrol (DES) given to some pregnant women in the United States between 1940 and 1971 to prevent miscarriage were at increased risk. Women whose mothers took DES during pregnancy were also at risk.

Risk factors you can change

  • Not being physically active. Women who are not physically active have a higher risk.
  • Being overweight or balanced after menopause. Older women who are overweight or obese have a higher risk of this disease than their normal weight.
  • Hormone intake. Some types of menopausal hormone replacement therapy (which includes both estrogen and progesterone) given for five years increase the risk. Some oral contraceptives (birth control pills) have also been found to increase the risk.
  • Playback history. Having the first pregnancy after age 30, not breastfeeding, and not having a full-term pregnancy increases the risk.
  • Drinking alcohol. Studies show that women who drink more alcohol have a higher risk of this disease.

Types of breast cancer

There are many types of this disease that can develop in different parts of the breast.

It is often divided into:

  • Non-invasive breast cancer (carcinoma in situ): found in the vessels of the breast (ductal carcinoma in situ or DCIS) that does not spread to the breast tissue around the vessels. Non-invasive breast cancer is usually found during a mammogram and rarely shows up as a lump.
  • Invasive breast cancer: Cancer cells spread to the surrounding breast tissue through the lining of the vessels. It is the most common type of breast cancer.

Other less common types of breast cancer:

  • Invasive (and preinvasive) lobular breast cancer
  • Inflammatory breast cancer
  • Paget’s disease of the breast

It is more likely to spread to other parts of the body, usually through the blood or axillary lymph nodes. These are small lymph nodes that filter bacteria and cells from the mammary gland. If this happens, it is called secondary or metastatic breast cancer.

Breast cancer screening

Doctors often use additional tests to detect or diagnose breast cancer. They can refer women to a breast specialist or surgeon. This does not mean that you have cancer or that you need surgery. These doctors are experts in diagnosing breast problems.

  • Breast ultrasound. A machine that uses sound waves to create detailed images called ultrasound scans of areas within the breast.
  • Diagnostic mammogram. If you have a lump-like problem in your breast, or if the breast area looks abnormal on a screening mammogram, doctors may get a diagnostic mammogram. This is a more detailed x-ray of the breast.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A body scan that uses a magnet connected to a computer. An MRI creates detailed images of the areas within the breast.
  • Biopsy. This is a test that removes tissue or fluid from the breast under a microscope. There are different types of biopsies (for example, fine-needle aspiration, central biopsy, or open biopsy).
  • All women should have a risk assessment at age 30 to see if screening earlier than age 40 is needed.
  • Women at average breast cancer risk should begin screening at age 40.
  • Women previously diagnosed with this disease may also benefit from supplemental screening with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), especially if their cancer was diagnosed at or before the age of 50.
  • “Three tests are typically used in detecting this. Each has its own benefits and risks. Women should talk with their doctor regarding the best option for them,” said Tuite.
  • A mammogram is an X-ray exam of the breast used to detect and evaluate breast changes. Its detection ability depends on tumor size and breast tissue density. Three-dimensional (3D) mammography is a type of digital mammography in which X-ray machines are used to take pictures of thin slices of the breast from different angles and computer software is used to reconstruct an image.
  • Breast ultrasound is often used along with mammography for high-risk women who cannot undergo MRI, and women with dense breast tissue.
  • A breast MRI (magnetic resonance imaging) may be used to screen high-risk women and gather more information about a suspicious area found on a mammogram or an ultrasound.

Treatment for breast cancer

It can be treated in many ways. It depends on the type of this disease and its extent. People with this disease often receive more than one type of treatment.

  • Surgery. Doctors perform surgery to remove cancerous tissue.
  • Chemotherapy. Using special medicines to shrink or destroy cancer cells. Medicines can be pills you take or medicines that are given into your veins, or sometimes both.
  • Hormone therapy. Cancer cells prevent them from getting the hormones they need to grow.
  • Biological treatment. It works with your body’s immune system to help fight cancer cells or control the side effects of other cancer treatments.
  • Radiotherapy. Using high-energy rays (similar to X-rays) to kill cancer cells.
  • Doctors from different specialities work together to treat. Surgeons are doctors who perform operations. Medical oncologists are doctors who treat cancer with cancer drugs. Radiation oncologists are doctors who treat cancer with radiation.

Living with breast cancer

Having breast cancer affects your daily life in many ways, depending on what stage you are in and the treatment you receive. How people cope with diagnosis and treatment varies from person to person. If you need it, a variety of support is available.

Support forms can include:

  • Family and friends can be a powerful support system.
  • Communicate with other people in the same situation.
  • Find out as much as possible about your situation
  • Don’t try to do too much or overdo it
  • Allot time for yourself


Since the causes of breast cancer are not fully understood, it is not possible to know if it can be prevented at present. If you are at risk of developing the condition, there are some treatments available to lower your risk.

Studies have looked at the link between this disease and diet. Although there are no definitive conclusions, there are benefits for women:

  • keep a healthy weight
  • Exercise regularly
  • Eat less saturated fat
  • Do not drink alcohol

It has been suggested that regular exercise can reduce the risk of this disease by almost a third. Exercising regularly and living a healthy lifestyle can improve the outlook for people with this disease.

If you are in menopause, it is important to try to gain and maintain a healthy weight. Being overweight or overweight produces more estrogen, which increases your risk of this disease.

General Topics

Overview of Common Childhood Skin Disorders | Dermatology

What are common childhood skin disorders?

Common childhood skin disorders occur when a lump, rash, red mark, or welt is found on a child’s body that is more common than finding one. Young children are more likely to develop skin disorders.

Most common childhood skin disorders are no cause for concern. However, some may be more than others. In this slide show, we will present information on general skin results to help better identify patients. As always, if you have any concerns, be sure to consult a paediatrician.

10 most common childhood skin disorders

Here are the most common childhood skin disorders, that may include:


Ringworm is one of the Common Childhood Skin Disorders. Ringworm on the skin begins as a red, scaly patch or bump. This is a sign of a fungal infection of the skin. When fungi infect the skin, they cause mild but bothersome rashes. Fungus infections of the skin are also known as ringworm infections.

But when the fungus grows anywhere on the body, it is called ringworm. Its medical name is tinea capitis when it is on the scalp and tinea corporis when it is on the rest of the body. In the toenails, this is called onychomycosis.


Symptoms of ringworm are:

The specific symptoms of ringworm are:

  • Itchy skin
  • Red, scaly, or cracked skin
  • A ring-shaped rash
  • Hair loss

Fifth disease

Parvovirus B19 is the virus that causes the fifth disease. The fifth disease is caused by a virus that causes rashes on the cheeks, arms, and legs. It is a very common childhood skin disorders that are generally mild and resolve without treatment.

Parvovirus B19 is dangerous for pregnant women, so it is important to inform health professionals about exposure.


The symptoms of the fifth disease include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Runny nose


Chickenpox is the most common infectious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). It causes itchy, blister-like rashes. The rash appears first on the chest, back, and face, then spreads over the entire body, causing 250 to 500 itchy blisters. Chickenpox can be serious, especially in children, teens, adults, pregnant women, and people with weakened immune systems. The best way to stop chickenpox is to get the chickenpox vaccine.


The symptoms may last a few days and include:

  • Fever
  • Headache
  • Loss of appetite


Impetigo is a skin infection caused by bacteria, usually Staphylococcus or Streptococcus. Impetigo develops when bacteria enter the skin and multiply. Impetigo can develop when your skin has a poor barrier or when your immune system is weak, for example in children with eczema. Impetigo can develop in children with poor skin hygiene or even infected skin.


Impetigo begins as a small gallbladder or fluid-filled wound. The ulcer then ruptures and drains, leaving areas covered with honey-coloured crusts. Impetigo usually appears on the face, neck, arms, and extremities, but lesions can appear anywhere on the body.

The symptoms of impetigo are similar to those of other skin conditions. Always consult your paediatrician for a diagnosis.


Warts can be caused by a virus called human papillomavirus, which infects the outer layer of the skin. The most common type of wart is an enlarged, rough bump. It usually appears on the hands and feet but infects other parts of the body. Sometimes the grains are enlarged and not harsh; These are called flat pimples and are often seen on the face. Some children may have only a few grains, while others may have dozens. Although warts can spread and look uncomfortable, they are harmless and generally lasts one to two years if left untreated.

Types of warts

  • Common warts
  • Foot warts
  • Flat warts
  • Filiform warts

Heat rash (prickly heat)

Heat rash (prickly heat) is a red or pink rash that usually appears on clothed areas of the body. It develops when the sweat vessels become blocked and swollen, often causing discomfort and itching. Heat rash is common in babies, but it can affect adults in hot, humid environments.


Common symptoms of hot flashes are rash, itching, and blisters. Pus can form inside small wounds on the surface of the skin. Sweat can also get trapped under the skin and then sweat through the flesh-coloured bumps. You may feel a burning sensation on your skin and an “itchy” sensation (like something is crawling on your skin).

Body parts are areas that are generally exposed to the sun, such as the arms, face, neck, and the creases of the elbows. Affected areas can also include very tight areas such as the abdominal wall, groin, thigh folds, buttocks, and under the breasts.

Contact dermatitis

Contact dermatitis is an inflammation of the skin. It is caused by exposure to a substance that can irritate the skin or cause an allergic reaction. It appears as a collection of small red pimples or bumps on the surface of the skin that has been exposed to some type of allergen. It can be caused by certain foods, lotions, chemicals, or plants like poison ivy. 

The rash begins within a day or two of exposure, depending on the sensitivity, and lasts as long as contact lasts or until it heals, which can take one to two weeks. Topical antihistamines or steroids can reduce symptoms. People often mistake contact dermatitis for a skin infection like impetigo.

Atopic dermatitis

Atopic dermatitis is a chronic itchy skin condition that is very common in children but can occur at any age. It is also known as eczema and atopic eczema and was previously known as Besnier Prurigo. It is the most common form of dermatitis.


In infants and children, the rashes usually appear on the scalp, knees, elbows, and cheeks.

In adults, rashes occur on the wrists, elbows, knees, ankles, folds of the face, and neck.

The rash is usually itchy, red, and scaly. Scratch marks often occur due to the itchy nature of the rash. If one has this rash for a long time, the affected skin becomes thicker.


The hives are red and sometimes itchy on the skin. They are usually caused by an allergic reaction to a drug or food. Allergic reactions occur when your body releases chemicals that swell in the rash. People with other allergies are more likely to get skin rashes than other people. Other causes include infections and stress.


The hives appear as “wheals” (swelling) on the skin, sometimes pink or red, and has a red patch around it. Usually round or oval, the rash is often itchy. The rash varies in size and some combine to form large areas of inflammation.

The rash can affect the skin on any part of the body, especially the trunk, thighs, upper arms, and face. Most individual eruptions disappear quickly, but new cultures appear every 24 to 72 hours if the individual continues to be exposed to the environment or substance that triggered the culture.

If the hive is an early sign of a whole-body reaction, other symptoms to look for are swelling of the tongue, lips, or face; difficulty breathing; dizziness; chest tightness; And shortness of breath. If these symptoms appear, seek medical help immediately. You can develop a malignant condition called anaphylaxis.

Scarlet fever

Scarlet fever is a bacterial infection that often causes a typical rash with pinkish-red patches that cover the entire body. It affects people with a recent sore throat (strep throat) or school ulcers (impetigo) caused by certain species of group A streptococcus bacteria. The toxin released by strep bacteria causes a rash of scarlet fever.


Symptoms of scarlet fever include:

  • Fever
  • Sore throat
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Vomiting
  • Stomach ache
  • Coated white tongue

So, these are the most common childhood skin disorders which are treated by a dermatologist.