Treatments of Red Spots On The Skin | Dermatology

What are the red spots on the skin?

Red spots on the skin can be caused by a variety of conditions, including infections, allergic reactions, and inflammatory processes. Red spots appear anywhere on the body.

The red spots may be harmless or benign or may be a sign of a serious illness such as leukaemia. Red spots on the skin can appear suddenly or develop over a long period of time, depending on the underlying disease, disorder, or condition. The red spots can vary in size from small to large and cover a significant area of ​​the body from small to large. The red spots are itchy or painful, flattened or enlarged, and vary in colour from pink to bright red to purple to red.

The tiny, red, pointed spots called petechiae are caused by broken blood vessels under the skin and indicate a life-threatening condition such as meningitis. The red spots may include redness of the neck, alertness, high fever, difficulty breathing, bloody stools, or swelling of the face or tongue.

Symptoms of red spots on the skin

Red spots on the skin are a common medical problem. When scars occur on the spread, they are sometimes called a rash. Rashes can be caused by skin infections, contagious infections (spread all over the body), allergic reactions, or skin irritation.

When the red bump or rash is flat, it is medically called a macula. When the red spot grows, it is called a papule. Erythema is the medical term for the redness of the skin. Red spots on the skin A small, benign tumor in a blood vessel called a hemangioma.

Small, spikey bleeding can be seen on the skin and is called petechiae. Bleeding defects can lead to the formation of large red spots called purpura. The rash is associated with other symptoms such as hives or itching. Red spots on the skin associated with underlying medical conditions are associated with symptoms of the underlying disease.

Causes of red spots on the skin

There are many causes of itchy red spots on the skin.

  • Angiomas: Angiomas are skin growths that occur anywhere on the body. These are fused with blood vessels and look like red dome bumps, also called papules, on or under the skin.
  • Bolis: A boil is an infection of the skin of the hair follicle or sebaceous gland. It is usually a red bump, often filled with pus. Boils usually disappear after bursting and the pus or liquid dries up.
  • Keratosis pilaris: Keratosis pilaris is a benign skin condition caused by the overproduction of a protein called keratin. It causes small, tight bumps around the hair follicles, especially around the thighs, buttocks, and upper arms.
  • Birthmarks: Birthmarks are pigmented spots on our skin that appear at birth or soon after. Sometimes these spots are red. In this case, they are usually vascular birthmarks. Abnormal blood vessels in the skin can cause these types of birthmarks.
  • Allergic reaction: One of the most common causes of red spots on the skin is a rash caused by allergic reactions. The reaction can be a large amount of food, pollen, or other allergens in the air, cosmetics, skincare products, laundry detergent, or other irritants. A doctor can perform a patch test to reveal which allergens are triggering the reaction on your skin.
  • Pityriasis rosea: Pityriasis rosea is a rash caused by a virus and usually lasts between six and twelve weeks. It has a large “mother” patch with small patches around it. These rashes are usually pink or red in colour and can flare and flake.
  • Blood spots: Petechiae, or bloodstains, are round, red spots that occur as a result of small blood vessels. They are flat to the touch and sometimes appear rashes. These can occur for various reasons such as bruising, strain, and sunburn.
  • Irritant contact dermatitis: Irritant contact dermatitis is a rash caused by irritation from a substance. Unlike rashes caused by an allergic reaction, they are not caused by irritation of immune origin. Instead, it’s usually caused by exposure to mild irritants such as soaps, detergents, or an acid or alkali.


You should get immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following symptoms associated with skin redness:

  • Severe pain
  • Difficulty in breathing
  • Redness near the eyes that affects your vision
  • It Burns twice as much as your palm
  • Loss of consciousness

Even if you get a tetanus vaccine, you should see a doctor if you have an animal bite. See a healthcare provider or dermatologist for other symptoms that are not considered a medical emergency.


Your health care provider will check your skin for redness. If your symptoms come and go, they’ll listen to your explanation. They will ask you a few questions. These may include:

  • Do you have a family history of skin conditions?
  • What activities do you do before you notice red skin?
  • Are you around other people who have similar rashes?
  • Are you taking any new medications or are you using new cleaning or skincare products?
  • Have you ever experienced this skin redness?

These and other questions can help your health care provider determine what is causing your skin to turn red. Additional tests may include taking a skin sample or biopsy of the affected area or an allergy test to see if your skin is responding to irritation.

Ask your healthcare provider if your skin condition is contagious and what steps you can take to prevent its spread. This will ensure that you do not give the reddened skin to someone else.


Diagnosis and Procedures of Laryngectomy | Oncology

What is laryngectomy?

Surgical removal of the larynx is called Laryngectomy. The larynx is the part of the throat that contains the vocal cords, which allows it to produce sound. The larynx connects the nose and mouth to the lungs. Protect your respiratory system by keeping the things you eat or drink in your esophagus and away from your lungs. If you have a larynx, it can affect your speech, swallowing, and breathing. You must learn new ways to do all three tasks after surgery.

Symptoms of laryngeal cancer

Some of the following may be symptoms of laryngeal cancer or they may be symptoms of other conditions:

  • No sore throat or cough
  • A change in your throat that does not improve after two weeks
  • Any pain or other discomfort when swallowing
  • Earache
  • A lump in the neck or throat
  • Dysphonia (trouble producing voice sounds)

If you have any of the following symptoms, see your doctor immediately:

  • Dyspnea (shortness of breath)
  • Stridor (loud, noisy breathing)
  • Balloon sensation (sensation of something in the throat)
  • Hemoptysis (coughing up blood)

Laryngeal cancer diagnosis

These tests and procedures can be helpful in diagnosing laryngeal cancer:

  • Physical exam: A doctor examines the throat and neck.
  • Laryngoscopy: The doctor examines the larynx with a mirror or a flexible endoscope with a thin, lighted tube.
  • Biopsy: The doctor removes a small part of the larynx to examine it under a microscope.
  • Computed tomography or CT scan (also known as computed tomography, computed tomography, or computerized axial tomography): CT scan uses x-rays and computers to create images of the cross-section of the body.
  • MRI (also known as magnetic resonance imaging): MRI uses a large magnet, radio waves, and a computer to create clear images or pictures of the human body.
  • Positron emission tomography scan: A very small dose of a radioactive chemical called a radiotracer is injected into a vein in the hand. The marker travels through the body and is absorbed by the organs and tissues studied. A machine called a pet scanner creates three-dimensional images from a given force of tracer material.


There are three methods of treating cancer:

  • Surgery
  • Radiotherapy
  • Chemotherapy

Most treatments use two or more of these methods. If prevention is not possible, the goal may be to prevent the tumor from growing or spreading for as long as possible (palliative care). Relief therapy can also help relieve symptoms. Cancer management can help doctors determine the best treatments for diagnosis and activity. The stages of cancer are determined by the size and exact location of the tumor.

Radiation therapy (radiation therapy)

People with early-stage laryngeal cancer can only be cured with radiation therapy. This treatment protects the voice. Radiation alone (without surgery) is successful in treating 80 to 90 per cent of people with stage I laryngeal cancer and 70 to 80 per cent with stage II cancer. Stages III and IV generally require a combination of radiation and chemotherapy.

Radiation therapy can also be given as adjuvant therapy (adjuvant therapy). Adjuvant therapy is used after surgery:

  • Some cancer cells may still be present in the body.
  • If the tumor is difficult to remove completely
  • When the tumor penetrates the laryngeal wall.
  • If the pathologist finds cancer cells in the lymph nodes

If the tumor is pressed against the windpipe, it can cause pain and make it difficult to breathe or swallow. Radiation therapy relieves symptoms by shrinking the tumor. Only a short course of treatment is needed to control symptoms (contamination). If radiation therapy does not destroy all the cancers, surgery may be needed to remove remaining cancer (called salvage surgery).


Chemotherapy alone does not cure this type of cancer. This is indicated for a variety of reasons:

  • Combined with radiation therapy as an alternative to surgery (called chemotherapy)
  • To reduce the risk of cancer recurrence after surgery.
  • Slowing tumor growth and managing symptoms when cancer is incurable (palliative treatment)


Endoscopic laser surgery on the larynx is very effective. In stages I and II, surgery has better or equivalent prevention rates compared to radiation therapy.

Endoscopic resection

Endoscopic dissection eliminates early laryngeal cancers. General anaesthesia is used. The surgeon inserts an endoscope (a camera with a camera and a light inside the tube) down the throat to detect cancer. Next, the surgeon uses a scalpel or laser to remove the cancerous tissue. A thin, hot beam of laser light. It reduces tissue and at the same time controls bleeding.

Surgery is often the best and only option for large cancers or cancers that do not respond to radiation treatments.

Types of laryngectomy procedures

There are three types of Laryngectomy procedures.

Those are:

  • Partial laryngectomy
  • Supraglottic laryngectomy
  • Total laryngectomy

Partial laryngectomy

The partial larynx is used to treat cancer of the minor larynx or cancer that has come back after radiation (recurrent cancer). During partial laryngitis, only part of the larynx is removed. You cannot remove at least part of a vocal cord. Patients may still be able to speak after a partial larynx, but the voice can be loud or weak. There are different types of partial larynx. Your doctor may use these names:

  • Cardectomy is the removal of a vocal cord.
  • Frontolateral laryngectomy is the removal of the anterior part of the vocal cords and most of the cancerous cord.
  • Anterior frontal laryngectomy is the removal of the anterior part of two vocal cords.
  • Removal of one side of the larynx is called a Hemi laryngectomy.

During the procedure, the surgeon makes an opening in the neck into the windpipe. This creates a temporary tracheostomy (hole in the neck for breathing). The tracheostomy allows the larynx to heal after surgery. After healing, patients generally speak and eat differently.

Supraglottic laryngectomy

Supraglottic laryngectomy is used when the tumor is only in the area above the vocal cords. The surgeon uses a laser or an open technique to remove the structures of the larynx (false vocal cords and epiglottis) above the vocal cords.

During the procedure, the surgeon makes an opening in the neck into the windpipe. This creates a temporary tracheostomy (hole in the neck for breathing). The tracheostomy allows the larynx to heal after surgery. After healing, patients often speak and eat effectively.

Total laryngectomy

The surgeon has to remove the entire larynx to cure cancer. This is called a total laryngectomy. The larynx connects the mouth to the lungs. After removal of the larynx, the air has nothing to do with entering the lungs. During the procedure, the surgeon makes an opening in the neck for breathing. The opening is called a tracheostomy or stoma. The stoma is permanent after the entire larynx.

Without vocal cords, patients cannot speak normally. One method that helps patients speak is by creating a fistula (a small opening in the tissue for air to escape). A fistula forms during laryngectomy.

Physical recovery after larynx

  • Most laryngeal patients spend the first two days after surgery in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU). Your doctor will closely monitor your blood pressure, heart rate, breathing, and other important signs. You get oxygen through your stoma after surgery.
  • You cannot eat by mouth while your throat is healing. A feeding tube that goes from your nose to your stomach or inserted directly into your stomach provides nutrition. Your neck may be swollen and sore. Get the pain relievers you need.
  • When your condition stabilizes, you will go to the general hospital room. You are expected to stay in the hospital for about 10 days after surgery. During this time, you will continue to recover, learn to swallow again, and begin to learn to communicate without your larynx.
  • Your doctor and nurses will encourage you to prevent blood clots, reduce the risk of pneumonia, and get used to your stoma and new airways. Getting out of bed is very important to recovery. You can receive speech and language therapy along with physical therapy.

Diagnosis and Treatments of Atopic Dermatitis | Dermatology

What is atopic dermatitis?

Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is a chronic type of skin inflammation that causes itching, redness, swelling, and cracking. The clear fluid can come from the affected areas, which often thickens over time. When this condition occurs at any age, it usually begins in childhood, with varying severity over the years.

In children under one year of age, most of the body is affected. As children get older, the inner parts of the knees and elbows are most affected. In adults, the arms and legs are the most affected. Scratching the affected areas exacerbates symptoms and increases the risk of skin diseases in those affected. Most people with atopic dermatitis develop hay fever or asthma.

The cause is unknown but it is believed to be caused by genetics, immune system dysfunction, environmental exposure, and skin permeability. If a similar couple is affected, there is an 85% chance that someone else is affected as well. Those who live are most affected by cities and dry weather.

Exposure to certain chemicals or frequent hand washing can make symptoms worse. Emotional stress can make symptoms worse, which is not a cause. The disorder is not contagious. The diagnosis is generally based on signs and symptoms. Other diseases that must be ruled out before making a diagnosis include contact dermatitis, psoriasis, and seborrheic dermatitis.

Symptoms of atopic dermatitis

The signs and symptoms of atopic dermatitis vary from person to person and include:

  • Red to brownish-grey spots, especially on the arms, legs, ankles, wrists, neck, upper chest, eyelids, elbows, and knees, and in infants, face and skin.
  • Raw, sensitive, swollen skin from scratching.
  • Small, enlarged lumps, which may leak fluid and form scabs when scratched.
  • Dry skin
  • Thickened, cracked, scaly skin.
  • Itching is a big factor in atopic dermatitis because scratching and rubbing can worsen the inflammation of the skin which is a symptom of the disease.
  • People with atopic dermatitis appear to be more sensitive to itching and may feel the need to scratch longer in response.
  • Excessive itching of the skin can cause a person to scratch, which can make the itching worse. Itching is especially a problem during sleep when conscious control of scratching is reduced and the absence of other external stimuli makes the itch more noticeable.
  • Itching is a symptom of the disease.

Atopic dermatitis most often begins before the age of 5 and continues through adolescence and adolescence. For some, it burns periodically, then goes away for many years.

Causes of atopic dermatitis

Doctors do not know the cause of eczema. It seems to run in families, so if you have one of your parents or siblings, chances are you or your child has it too. Children who suffer from it sometimes have family allergies, hay fever, or asthma. Some experts believe that eczema is more likely to occur. Half of the children who suffer from it also suffer from hay fever or asthma.

Living in a place that is often cold or very polluted also increases the chances of getting it. Food allergies do not cause atopic dermatitis. Having atopic dermatitis increases your risk of food allergies, such as peanuts. Atopic dermatitis is not an infection. You cannot keep it or give it to someone else.

You need to know what triggers your AD fires, but general lifestyle and environmental triggers:

  • Long, hot showers or baths.
  • Soaps, detergents, and cleaners.
  • Dirt, sand, smoke.
  • Cold or dry weather.
  • Heat
  • Sweat
  • Wool and synthetic fabrics.
  • Pollen, dander, dust.
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Stress
  • Scratching

Risk factors

Eczema affects an estimated 31 million people and 17.8 million people with AD. Statistics from the National Eczema Association (NEA) show how common AD and eczema are. The prevalence of juvenile AD is 10.7 per cent in the united states. One in three children with AD will have a moderate and severe form. For adults, the prevalence is 10.2% higher.

According to the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD), 90% of people with Alzheimer’s disease get it before they are 5 years old. Anyone with AD will be diagnosed if not someone in childhood.AD appears to have a genetic component. People with AD often have relatives with AD, allergies, or asthma.

Diagnosis of atopic dermatitis

To diagnose atopic dermatitis (AD), a certified dermatologist will carefully examine your (your child’s) skin and ask questions. To make sure your dermatologist has accurate information, answering these questions before your appointment can help:

  • Do any of your blood relatives have AD, asthma, or hay fever?
  • What are your characteristics?
  • When did the symptoms start?
  • Where do the rashes appear on the skin?

Providing this information to your dermatologist can be very helpful. AD flares and fades, so you may have fair skin when you see your dermatologist. Skin tests may be needed to diagnose AD along with information about your health and symptoms. Some people even need a skin biopsy.

Your dermatologist can take a skin biopsy quickly and easily during your appointment. To do this, your dermatologist will remove and exfoliate the skin in small amounts. When viewed under a microscope, it provides valuable information. A skin biopsy can help your dermatologist choose the best treatment.

Atopic dermatitis treatment

There is no known treatment for AD. Finding the right treatment to reduce itching and discomfort is important. Soothing the skin reduces stress and helps prevent excessive scratching that can lead to skin conditions. Treatment options vary from over-the-counter skincare, prescription medications, and lifestyle changes.

The best preventive measure is to hydrate the skin. Improves the performance of the skin barrier. Healthy skin becomes inflamed less often and provides a better barrier against allergens and irritants. Bathing and moisturizing every day is an easy way to hydrate your skin. It is important to apply moisturizer within minutes of bathing.


Types and Procedure of Radical Mastectomy | Oncology

What is a radical mastectomy?

During a radical mastectomy, the surgeon removes all of the breast tissue along with the nipple, lymph nodes in the armpit, and the muscles in the chest wall below the breast. This way is rarely performed today, because modified radical mastectomy, a less general surgery, has been shown to be equally effective, less disfiguring, and does not carry the risk of secondary angiosarcoma associated with this type of surgery.

The choice of mastectomy will depend on the clinical setting. You should thoroughly discuss your surgical options with your surgeon to achieve the best result. Either type of surgery is your best option; you will be able to return home after a short stay in the hospital.

Types of radical mastectomy

There are several different techniques for an adapted radical mastectomy, counting simple or total mastectomy, skin-sparing mastectomy, nipple-sparing, sentinel lymph node biopsy, and/or axillary lymph node dissection.

Modified radical mastectomy procedure

The overall goal of an MRM procedure is to remove all or most of the cancer present while preserving as much healthy skin tissue as possible. This makes effective breast reconstruction possible after it has healed properly.

For an adapted radical mastectomy, you will be placed under general anaesthesia. Then your doctor will mark your chest to prepare it for the incisions. By making an incision through your chest, your doctor will carefully pull your skin back enough to remove the breast tissue. They will also remove most of the lymph nodes under the arm. The entire procedure typically takes two to four hours.

Once removed, the lymph nodes will be examined to see if cancer has spread to them or through them to other areas of the body. Your doctor will also place thin plastic tubes in your breast area to drain excess fluid. They can stay on your chest for up to a week or two.


As with any surgical way, MRM can cause a number of complications. The risks of this procedure contain:

  • Pain or tenderness
  • Bleeding
  • Swelling in the armour at the incision site
  • Limited arm movement
  • Numbness
  • Seroma (accumulation of fluid under the wound site)
  • Hematoma (accumulation of blood in the wound)
  • Scar

What to expect after surgery?

Recovery times vary from person to person. Typically, people stay in the hospital for a day or two. In some cases, your doctor may recommend radiation therapy or chemotherapy after your mastectomy procedure.

At home, it is significant to keep the surgical area clean and dry. You will be given specific instructions on how to care for the wound site and how to bathe properly. Pain is normal, but the amount of discomfort you experience can vary. Your physician may recommend pain relievers, but only take what is prescribed. Some pain relievers can cause complications and slow down your healing process.

Lymph node removal can make your arm feel stiff and sore. Your doctor may recommend certain exercises or physical therapy to increase movement and prevent swelling. Perform these exercises slowly and regularly to avoid injury and complications. If you start to feel more discomfort or if you notice that you are healing at a slower rate, schedule a visit with your doctor.

Modified radical mastectomy versus radical mastectomy

Similar to the MRM procedure, a radical mastectomy involves removing the entire breast: the breast tissue, the skin, the areola, and the nipple. However, this procedure also involves the removal of the chest muscles. Radical mastectomy is the most invasive procedure and is only considered if a tumor is found that has spread to the chest muscles.

Once performed as a more common treatment for breast cancer, radical mastectomy is now rarely used. Modified radical mastectomy has established to be a less invasive procedure with similarly effective results.

Who usually undergoes a modified radical mastectomy?

People whose breast cancer has spread to the axillary lymph nodes who decide to have a mastectomy may be recommended to undergo the MRM procedure. MRM is also obtainable for patients with any type of breast cancer where there may be a reason to eliminate the axillary lymph nodes.


Causes and Treatments of Ringworm | Dermatology

What is ringworm?

The term ringworm refers to fungal infections that occur on the surface of the skin. The name comes from a preconceived idea that the infection was caused by a worm, which it is not. This is a fungal infection of the skin. However, the name of the ringworm remains. Some of these fungi produce round scaly patches on the skin, but most do not.

On the other hand, very round red spots or rashes on the skin are not caused by a fungal infection. Physical examination of the affected skin, evaluation of skin scraping under a microscope, and culture tests can help healthcare professionals make proper diagnoses and distinctions of other conditions. Proper diagnosis is the best for successful treatment.

The medical term for ringworm (tinea is the Latin name for a growing worm.) Medical professionals add another term to refer to the part of the body that contains the fungus. For example, tinea capitis refers to ringworm of the scalp, body fungus of tinea corporis, foot fungus tinea pedis, etc.

Alternate name

  • Dermatophytosis
  • Dermatophyte infection
  • Tinea

Causes of ringworm

Three types of fungi cause ringworm: trichophyton, Microsporum, and epidermophyton. These fungi are more likely to live longer as spores in the soil. Ringworm can contract humans and animals after direct contact with this soil.

The infection can also be transmitted through contact with infected animals or humans. The infection is usually spread in children and by sharing objects that are susceptible to fungi. Different types of fungi cause ringworm. Doctors call ringworms by different names depending on where they affect the body:

  • Jock itch(tinea cruris) refers to ringworm infection of the skin around the groin, inner thighs, and buttocks. It’s most common in men and adolescent boys.
  • Ringworm of the skin (tinea capitis) often begins with an isolated scalp, which develops into bald, scaly, itchy patches. It is most common in children.
  • Athlete’s foot (tinea pedis) is the common name for ringworm infection of the foot. It is most often seen in people with bare feet in public places where the infection can spread, such as locker rooms, showers, and swimming pools.
  • Ringworm of the body (tinea corporis) is often characterized by a round ring shape.

Symptoms of ringworm

It can affect any part of the body as well as the skin of the fingernails and toenails. The symptoms of ringworm often depend on the part of the body infected, but they usually include:

  • Ring-shaped rash
  • Hair loss
  • Red, scaly, cracked skin
  • Itchy skin

Symptoms appear 4 to 14 days after exposure to the fungus that causes this infection.

Symptoms of ringworm by position on the body:

  • Scalp: Ringworm on the scalp usually appears as scales, itching, redness, circular baldness. The bald spots increase in size and multiple scars develop as the infection spreads. Ringworm of the scalp is more common in children than in adults.
  • Feet: Symptoms of ringworm on the feet include redness, swelling, scaling, itchy skin between the toes (especially the little finger and adjacent fingers). The sole and heel of the foot are also affected. In severe cases, the skin of the feet can cause blisters.
  • Beard: Symptoms of this disease on the chin include peeling, itching, red spots on the cheeks, chin, and upper neck. The spots may be covered with scab or pus, and the affected hair may fall out.
  • Groin: Ringworm on the groin appears as dry, itchy red patches, usually on the inner sides of the skin folds on the thigh.

Treatment for ringworm

If you have this disease, your dermatologist will treat you with antifungal medication. This medication comes in many forms like creams, ointments, and tablets. What you use depends on the area of ​​the body that needs treatment.

  • Skin: An antifungal ointment or cream often removes ringworm from the skin. Most of these drugs are applied twice a day for two to four weeks. Most of these approved drugs are safe and effective for children. If the dermatophytosis covers a large area of ​​skin, you may need to take a prescription antifungal medication. When the ringworm starts to go away, you will clearly see the scale before the red one.
  • Athlete’s foot: Over-the-counter antifungal cream or spray will eliminate athlete’s foot. The mild case usually clears up within two weeks. If an athlete’s foot is more severe or does not heal within two weeks, the dermatologist may prescribe a strong medication.
  • On the scalp: On the scalp, It requires prescription medication. Children with dermatophytosis of the scalp are often given a medicine called griseofulvin. Your dermatologist can prescribe pills, capsules, or lotions. Sometimes another prescription drug is prescribed. It is important to take the antifungal medication exactly as prescribed and for as long as directed. Dermatophytosis may not go away if you stop taking it earlier than expected.
  • Beard: Ringworm in the chin area requires a prescription antifungal medication and a personalized treatment plan. Your dermatologist will need to remove the diseased tissue to heal this area. You also need to shave the infected hair.
  • Nails: You need prescription medicine to remove ringworm from your nails. Since the nails grow slowly, it takes time for the dermatophytosis to disappear. It is important to keep all subsequent appointments with your dermatologist. You will also need to follow preventive measures to avoid rebuilding.
  • Hands: You can clean the mild case with an antifungal cream. A strong antifungal medication such as terbinafine or itraconazole is often required. If the dermatophytosis has spread to a nail, you must take an antifungal medicine to get rid of the infection.


Ringworm is difficult to prevent. The fungus that causes it is common, and the condition is contagious before symptoms appear. Take these steps to reduce your risk of getting dermatophytosis:

  • Keep cool and dry: Do not wear thick clothing for long periods of time in hot, humid weather. Avoid excessive sweating.
  • Don’t share personal items: Do not use your clothes, towels, hairbrushes, sports equipment, or other personal items. And don’t borrow those things.
  • Educate yourself and educate others: Learn about the risk of dermatophytosis from infected people or pets. Talk to your kids about dermatophytosis, what to look for, and how to prevent infection.
  • Keep clean: Wash your hands frequently. Keep shared areas clean, especially in schools, daycares, gyms, and locker rooms. If you participate in contact sports, shower immediately after practises or the game, and keep your uniform and equipment clean.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology