Dermatology surgery equipment

Dermatology surgery equipment

Dermatology surgery equipment: The branch of medicine that deals with the skin are called Dermatology. She specializes in medical and surgical topics. A dermatologist is a specialist who treats diseases of the skin, hair, nails, and some cosmetic problems.















Types and Symptoms of Rosacea | Dermatology

What is rosacea?

Rosacea is a normal skin condition that occurs on the face. The small superficial blood vessels (capillaries) in the skin dilate, giving the appearance of a permanent flush. Yellow pimples develop on the forehead, cheeks, and chin. Unlike acne, It does not leave scars.

This condition first appears between the ages of 30 and 50. Frequent redness or flushing is usually the first sign. Over time, permanent redness (erythema) develops as capillaries begin to dilate and blisters form. In men, severe skin conditions can cause a red, enlarged nose (rhinophyma).

Types of rosacea

There are four types of rosacea, which includes:

  • Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea: It is characterized by persistent redness on the face. Small blood vessels appear dilated below the surface of the skin; These symptoms usually flare up and then go away.
  • Papulopustular rosacea: It is associated with “white dot” rashes, which are pus-filled spots and red, swollen bumps.
  • Phymatous rosacea: The skin becomes thick and scaly, bumpy, swollen, and sometimes pale.
  • Ocular rosacea: In this, the symptoms affect the eyes so that they look like water or blood spots. There may be an associated burning or irritation sensation in your eyes.

Causes of rosacea

The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, although several causes have been recommended, including abnormalities in the blood vessels of the face and a reaction to microorganisms usually found on the face.

Although they are not considered direct causes of this condition, several triggers have been classified that make this skin condition worse.

These include:

  • Exposure to sunlight
  • Stress
  • Strenuous exercise
  • Hot or cold weather
  • Hot drinks
  • Alcohol and caffeine
  • Certain foods, such as spicy foods

Symptoms of rosacea

Symptoms often begin with flushing episodes in which the skin becomes red for a short time, but other symptoms develop as the condition progresses:

  • Flushing: Most people with this skin condition often have a history of flushing or flushing. Facial redness, which can come and go, is usually an early sign of the disorder.
  • Persistent facial redness: Persistent facial redness is similar to blush or sunburn, it does not go away.
  • Visible blood vessels: Small blood vessels appear on the skin of most people with this disease.
  • Papules and pustules: If you have this skin condition, you may develop round red bumps that rise from your skin (papules) and pus-filled swelling (pustules).
  • Thickened skin: In the most severe cases of this disease, the skin thickens and forms extra tissue, usually around the nose. This makes the nose appear large and bulky (rhinophyma).

Other symptoms associated with this skin condition include:

  • Sensitive skin: Burning, itching, stinging, and pain
  • Dry skin, rough skin
  • Raised red patches (plaques) on your skin
  • Facial swelling (lymphoedema)

Diagnosis of rosacea

See your doctor if you have signs of rosacea. You may be referred to a dermatologist who specializes in skin conditions. If you have this skin condition, your dermatologist can talk with you about treatment options. Although treatment can’t cure this skin condition, it can help:

  • Decrease (or eliminate) signs of rosacea on your skin
  • Ease your discomfort
  • Prevent rosacea from worsening

Treatment for rosacea

Your healthcare provider will discuss specific treatment for rosacea with you:

  • Your age, general health, and medical history
  • The extent of the rash
  • Your patience for specific medications, procedures, or treatments
  • Expectations for the course of the rash
  • Your opinion or preference

The purpose of treatment is to manage the symptoms associated with this skin condition. Maybe in treatment:

  • Diet modifications (for example, avoiding foods that dilate the skin’s blood vessels, such as caffeine, spicy foods, and alcohol)
  • Topical and oral antibiotics
  • Prescription creams or lotions
  • Glycolic acid peels
  • Laser therapy
  • Dermabrasion
  • Electrosurgery


Rosacea can cause problems that affect the skin and can also lead to depression due to shyness about how the skin looks.

The most common physical problem with this skin condition is the hardening of the skin. This happens years after living with this skin condition. Recurring injuries can also cause skin scars.


To help prevent rosacea:

  • Use sunscreen with a good sunscreen formula. Cover other parts of the body with a scarf, hat, or suitable clothing to protect yourself from the sun.
  • Practice deep breathing and yoga to relieve stress.
  • Avoid eating spicy foods.
  • Use an electric razor should be used instead of a blade for clearing the hair
  • Use water-based cosmetics that are gentle to the skin.
  • Apply moisturizer regularly for the sore skin.


Rosacea is a very common condition that affects millions of people every day. In some cases, the symptoms are so mild that you don’t need to do anything other than use a topical cream from time to time. Sometimes, and for most people, the symptoms that require treatment for this skin condition are severe.

Whether or not you have rosacea inflammation, you must always use proper skincare to control this skin condition and reduce the development and recurrence of inflammation. The removal of harsh or abrasive materials is very important in the skincare process. Prioritize safe, lightweight, and effective skincare products to take care of your face without causing problems.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology

Treatment Options for Adrenocortical Carcinoma | Oncology

What is adrenocortical carcinoma?

Adrenal cortical carcinoma (ACC) is a rare disease. It is caused by an increase in cancer in the adrenal cortex, the outer layer of the adrenal glands. The adrenal glands are located above the kidneys. They play an important role in the endocrine system, the system that produces and regulates hormones. ACC is also known as adrenocortical carcinoma.

The adrenal cortex produces hormones that regulate metabolism and blood pressure. It also produces male hormones called androgens like cortisol and testosterone. ACC stimulates a high production of these hormones.

Types of adrenocortical carcinoma

There are two types of adrenal cortical carcinoma.

  • Functional tumors increase the production of adrenal hormones. With this type of tumor, large amounts of cortisol, testosterone, and aldosterone are commonly found in the body. (Aldosterone is a hormone that regulates blood pressure.)
  • Dysfunctional tumors do not increase the production of hormones by the adrenal glands. Most tumors of the adrenal glands are not cancerous. Only 5 to 10 per cent of adrenal tumors are malignant.

Symptoms of adrenocortical carcinoma

The symptoms of a functional tumor depend on the hormones it produces.

Testosterone and other androgens:

  • Increase in facial and body hair, especially in women.
  • A deep voice in women


  • The first signs of puberty in boys.
  • Enlarged breast tissue in men


  • Weight gain
  • Hypertension


  • High blood sugar and pressure
  • Muscle weakness in the legs
  • Injury to the body
  • Excess weight increases in the chest and abdomen.

Abdominal pain occurs if both functional and non-functional tumors have spread. Dysfunctional tumors do not cause any hormonal changes or cause specific symptoms.

Cushing’s syndrome is a condition in which cortisol causes adrenal tumors. Although ACC causes Cushing, most tumors associated with this condition are benign. If you have Cushing, this does not mean that you have cancer.

Adrenocortical carcinoma causes

Doctors are not sure what causes adrenal cancer. It begins with a change in the genes of some adrenal cells, but that change happens randomly. It is hereditary, so if anyone in your family has cancer of the adrenal glands or other parts of the endocrine system, tell your doctor. If you can get it, regular checkups can help you catch up early.

When you have a genetic condition, you have a defect in one or more genes. Certain genetic conditions make you more susceptible to adrenal cancer:

  • Beckwith-Wideman syndrome
  • Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP)
  • Hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPC)
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasias (MEN1)

Risk factors

Adrenal cancer happens more often in people with inherited syndromes that increase the risk of certain cancers. These inherited syndromes include:

  • Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome
  • Carney complex
  • Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Lynch syndrome
  • Multiple endocrine neoplasias, type 1 (MEN 1)

Adrenocortical carcinoma diagnosis

Your doctors will start with questions about your symptoms, medical history, and cancer in your family. They will also do a physical exam; Your doctor will feel your abdomen for the tumor. From there, you will have different blood and urine tests to monitor your hormone levels; high levels may be a sign of a tumor, but it is not cancer.

Your doctor may also use:

  • Computed tomography: This is the most common picture to look for in adrenal gland tumors.
  • MRI: MRI may not be as widely used as a CT scan, but it can help.
  • Laparoscopy: Your doctor uses a thin, flexible tube with a camera on the end, a laparoscope, that goes into an opening made in your side to see cancer. Helps the doctor determine if surgery can remove cancer.
  • Pet scan: This will help your doctor determine if the tumor is cancerous.

Because your adrenal glands are so close to certain vital blood vessels, you can also get an adrenal angiogram or adrenal venogram. These tests measure the blood flow in the arteries and veins around the adrenal gland. Unlike other cancers, a biopsy may not be done before surgery if imaging tests and blood tests are adequate.

Adrenocortical carcinoma treatment

Treatment for adrenal cancer usually involves surgery to remove the entire tumor. Other treatments may be used to prevent cancer recurrence or if surgery is not an option.


The goal of surgery is to remove all of the adrenal cancer. To accomplish this, doctors must remove the affected adrenal gland (adrenalectomy).

If surgeons find evidence that cancer has spread to nearby structures, such as the liver or kidneys, those parts or all of those organs can also be removed during the operation.

Medicines to reduce the risk of recurrence

The old drug used to treat advanced adrenal cancer promises to delay the recurrence of the disease after surgery. Mitotane may be recommended after surgery for those at risk of cancer recurrence. Research on mitotane for this use is ongoing.


Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays, such as x-rays and protons, to kill cancer cells. Radiation therapy is sometimes used to destroy cells that remain after adrenal cancer surgery. It can also help reduce pain and other symptoms of cancer that has spread to other parts of the body, such as the bones.


Chemotherapy is the treatment of cancer by using chemicals to kill cancer cells. For adrenal cancers that cannot be surgically removed or come back after initial treatment, chemotherapy is an option to slow the progression of cancer.


Symptoms and Treatments of Chlamydia | Dermatology

What is chlamydia?

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI), a disease you can get from having unprotected sex. It affects both men and women who contact during sexual intercourse. It is caused by a bacteria called Chlamydia trachomatis.

This is one of the most common STIs in women, especially young women ages 15-24. Often there are no symptoms. Antibiotics can treat chlamydia. If left untreated, chlamydia can cause serious health problems in women, such as miscarriage. This is a particularly serious problem for women because it can damage the female reproductive organs.

Causes of chlamydia

Chlamydia is spread during sexual intercourse and is very contagious. It can spread during vaginal, anal, or oral sex. Ejaculation does not spread chlamydia.

Symptoms of chlamydia

In the early stages of the disease, there are often no symptoms. Most people don’t know they have it. Symptoms arrive1 to 3 weeks after exposure to the bacteria. It can include:

  • Painful urination (a burning sensation)
  • Lower abdominal pain
  • Painful sexual intercourse
  • Vaginal discharge in women
  • Irregular periods in women
  • Discharge from the penis in men
  • Pain in the testicles in men
  • Rectal pain, discharge, and bleeding for men and women who fight in anal sexual activity
  • Reactive arthritis in both men and women (pain and inflammation of the joints that develops from an infection)

If you think you may have chlamydia, you and your sexual partners should see a doctor as soon as possible. Chlamydia without any symptoms can still lead to health problems in the future (including the inability to conceive). The only way to know if you or your partner have chlamydia is to get tested.

Diagnosis of chlamydia

To diagnose chlamydia, a doctor can perform a test to look for physical symptoms such as discharge. They also take a urine sample or a swab sample from the penis, cervix, urethra, throat, or rectum.

  • Urine test: This is very common. Urines (Pee) in a cup. Your urine will be tested for chlamydia.
  • Swab test: Your doctor will use a cotton swab to take a liquid sample from the infected area (vagina, cervix, rectum, or throat). The fluid is then tested for this disease.

Since it can cause serious problems, but may not cause symptoms, it is a good idea to get tested once a year if you are sexually active and in your 20s or younger. Your doctor, local health departments, and sexual health centres usually perform the tests.

Treatment for chlamydia

If you have chlamydia, your doctor may prescribe oral antibiotics. Antibiotics are used to treat this bacterial infection. It is important to take all medications as prescribed. Otherwise, the medicine may not work. Both sexual partners need treatment to keep the infection from coming and going.

As soon as you find out that you have a bacterial infection, tell your sexual partner. Experts recommend that you tell everyone you have had sex with in the past 2 months. If you have not had sex in the last 2 months, contact the person you last had sex with. Your doctor may also recommend treating your partner (s) to prevent the disease from spreading again.

Women with a serious infection, such as pelvic inflammatory disease, may need more time to receive antibiotics or hospitalization to receive antibiotics through a vein. Some serious pelvic infections may require surgery in addition to antibiotic therapy. Knowing that you have an STI can make you feel bad about yourself or sex. Counselling or a support team can help you feel better.


The only sure way to prevent chlamydia is to avoid having sex with other people. There are ways to reduce risk:

  • Using condoms during every sexual encounter
  • Limiting the number of sex partners
  • Undergoing regular screenings
  • Don’t use drugs or alcohol
  • Stay with one partner


Untreated chlamydia infections can cause serious damage to the reproductive organs along with other health problems.

  • This can cause pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) in up to 40 per cent of women without any symptoms. PID due to permanent scarring of the fallopian tubes can cause chronic pelvic pain, infertility, and ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy outside the uterus). Women with this disease are five times more likely to become infected with HIV if exposed.
  • Infection during pregnancy can lead to preterm labour and delivery. An infected mother can also pass the infection to her baby as a result of pneumonia (lung infection) or conjunctivitis (eye infection) during vaginal delivery.
  • The bacterial problems and infection can spread to the rectum, causing inflammation, discharge, and pain.
  • In rare cases, the infection spreads to the epididymis (the tube that carries sperm from the testicles), causing fever, scrotal pain, inflammation, and infertility in men.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology

Diagnosis and Treatments of Medulloblastoma | Oncology

Overview of medulloblastoma

Medulloblastoma is a cancerous (malignant) brain tumor that begins in the lower back of the brain and is called the cerebellum. The cerebellum participates in the coordination, balance, and movement of muscles.

Medulloblastoma spreads through the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), the fluid that surrounds and protects your brain and spinal cord, to other areas around the brain and spinal cord. The tumor rarely spreads to other parts of the body.

Medulloblastoma is a type of embryonal tumor, a tumor that begins in the cells of the fetus (embryo) in the brain. There are at least four subtypes of medulloblastoma, based on different types of genetic mutations. Although medulloblastoma is not inherited, syndromes such as Gorlin syndrome or Turquoise syndrome increase the risk of medulloblastoma.

The signs and symptoms of medulloblastoma can include headache, nausea, vomiting, fatigue, dizziness, double vision, poor coordination, erratic gait, and other types of anxiety. These symptoms may be related to the tumor or may be due to increased stress on the brain.

Medulloblastoma can occur at any age, but it occurs most often in young children. Although medulloblastoma is very rare, it is the most common cancerous brain tumor in children. The centre, which has a team of paediatricians with knowledge and experience in pediatric brain tumors, needs to care for children, with the latest technologies and treatments available.

Signs and symptoms of medulloblastoma

Sometimes brain cells grow and form tumors in a way that they shouldn’t. A tumor in the cerebellum increases pressure within the brain when it presses on other parts of the brain. As stress increases, it begins to cause symptoms. These can last from a few weeks to a few months worse.

Symptoms observed by parents:

  • Headache at night or in the morning.
  • Nausea
  • Vomiting
  • Difficulty to walk
  • Dizziness
  • Dual focus
  • Clumsy

Risk factors for medulloblastoma

Any risk factor that increases the chance of developing medulloblastoma. Even if the cause of medulloblastoma is not known, some things increase your risk.

  • Age: Most cases of medulloblastoma are diagnosed before the age of 16, and usually between the ages of 3 and 8. In adults, it rarely appears after age 40.
  • Gender: Medulloblastoma is more common in children than in women. In adults, it is more common in men than in women.
  • Genetic conditions: People with cancer-predisposing syndromes such as Li-Fraumeni syndrome, Turquoise syndrome, and need basal cell carcinoma syndrome (Gorlin syndrome) are more likely to develop medulloblastoma.

Diagnosis of medulloblastoma

The diagnostic process usually begins with a review of your medical history and a discussion of signs and symptoms. Tests and procedures used to diagnose medulloblastoma:

  • Neurological examination: During this process, vision, hearing, balance, coordination, and reflexes are assessed. It helps to identify which part of the brain may be affected by the tumor.
  • Imaging tests: Imaging tests can help determine the location and size of a brain tumor. These tests are also very important in detecting stress or blockage of the CSF pathways. Computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be done right away. These tests are often used to diagnose brain tumors. Advanced techniques such as perfusion MRI and magnetic resonance spectroscopy can also be used.
  • Tissue sampling (biopsy): A biopsy is not usually done, but imaging tests are recommended if they are not typical for a medullary blastoma. Suspicious tissue samples are analyzed in the laboratory to determine cell types.
  • Cerebrospinal fluid collection (pelvic puncture) for examination: Also known as a lumbar puncture, this procedure involves inserting a needle between two bones in the lower part of the spine to extract cerebrospinal fluid around the spine. The fluid is tested for tumor cells or other abnormalities. This test is done only after the stress has been maintained on the brain or the tumor has been removed.

Medulloblastoma treatment

Treatment of medulloblastoma usually involves radiation or chemotherapy or both after surgery. Age and general health, tumor subtype and location, tumor grade and extent, and other factors influence treatment decisions. Options:

  • Relieve the accumulation of fluid in the brain: A medulloblastoma grows to block the flow of cerebrospinal fluid, causing fluid to form that puts pressure on the brain (hydrocephalus). Surgery (external ventricular canal or ventriculoperitoneal shunt) that creates a path for fluid to leave the brain may be recommended. Sometimes this procedure can be combined with surgery to remove the tumor.
  • Surgery to remove the medulloblastoma: The pediatric or adult neurosurgeon (neurosurgeon) removes the tumor, taking care not to damage nearby tissues. But sometimes the tumor cannot be completely removed because of medulloblastoma forms near complex structures deep in the brain. All patients with this diseaseshould receive additional treatments after surgery.
  • Radiotherapy: A pediatric or adult radiation oncologist performs radiation therapy to the brain and spinal cord using high-energy rays, such as X-rays or protons, to kill cancer cells. Standard radiation therapy can be used, but proton beam therapy, available at a limited number of major healthcare centres in the United States, provides highly targeted radiation to brain tumors, reducing radiation exposure in the brain. nearby healthy tissue.
  • Chemotherapy: It uses chemotherapy drugs to kill tumor cells. Usually, children and adults with this disease receive these drugs by injection into a vein (intravenous chemotherapy). Chemotherapy may be recommended after surgery or radiation therapy or, in some cases, as radiation therapy. In some cases, stem cell rescue (transplantation of stem cells with the patient’s own stem cells) may be used after high-dose chemotherapy.
  • Clinical trials: Clinical trials register eligible participants to study the effectiveness of new therapies or to study new approaches to using existing therapies, such as combining time with radiation therapy and chemotherapy. These studies provide an opportunity to test the latest treatment options, even if the risk of side effects is unknown. Talk to your doctor for advice.

Types of Psoriasis | Treatment Options | Dermatology

What is psoriasis?

Psoriasis is an immune-mediated genetic disease found on the skin, joints, or both. Although it can affect any part of your body, psoriasis plaques most often develop on the elbows, knees, scalp, back, face, palms of the hands, and feet. The lesions are small and solitary or are accompanied by large plaques that usually form geometric patterns with the central area of normal skin.

In many cases, the nails become thick, laminate unevenly, and become brittle. In addition to plaque psoriasis, there are four other types of this disease, including guttural, pustular, transverse (or flexural), and erythrodermic.

Who gets psoriasis?

It affects 2-4% of men and women. It can begin at any age, including childhood, with early peaks between 15 and 25 years and between 50 and 60 years. Lasts a lifetime, wide fluctuations, and intensity. It is very common in Caucasians but affects people of any race. One-third of psoriasis patients have relatives with psoriasis.

Types of psoriasis

The different types of psoriasis are:

  • Psoriasis Vulgaris: The most common form of psoriasis affecting 80% of sufferers is psoriasis Vulgaris (“Vulgaris” means common). It is also known as plaque psoriasis because of the well-defined areas of increased redness that characterize this form. These enlarged red plaques are silvery-white in colour with a layer called scale made up of dead skin cells. The scale often becomes loose and falls off.
  • Guttate psoriasis: This is a subtype of psoriasis, an autoimmune skin disease. Gutta is the Latin word for a drop of liquid. This can cause tiny droplet-shaped papules or scars.
  • Inverse psoriasis: This is also known as flexural psoriasis. This is a skin condition that affects the folds of the skin.
  • Pustular psoriasis: This is a skin disease characterized by the appearance of white, purulent blisters surrounded by pale, red skin.
  • Erythrodermic psoriasis: This is a rare, but very serious form of psoriasis. It causes a bright red rash that is itchy and painful. The skin peels off in large sheets.

Causes of psoriasis

It makes skin cells overactive – they grow five times faster than normal skin cells. And your body can’t keep up. Instead of slowing down old cells, they form thick, scaly, itchy patches.

Doctors are not clear about what causes psoriasis. However, thanks to decades of research, they have a general idea of two main factors: genetics and the immune system.

Immune system

Psoriasis is an autoimmune disease. The body attacks itself, causing autoimmune diseases. In the case of psoriasis, white blood cells called T cells accidentally attack skin cells.

In a normal body, white blood cells implant to attack and destroy invading bacteria and to fight infection. This erroneous attack causes the skin cell production process to accelerate. Speed up skin cell production New skin cells grow very quickly. They push themselves to the surface of the skin, where they pile up.


Some people inherit genes that make them more likely to improve psoriasis. If you have an immediate family member with a skin condition, your risk of developing this skin disease is high. However, the percentage of people with this skin disease and genetic predisposition is low.

Risk factors

Risk factors that include:

  • Stress/emotional disorders
  • Infection
  • Skin injuries
  • Obesity
  • Alcoholism

Signs and symptoms of psoriasis

Dry, thick, and raised patches on the skin are the most basic sign of this disease. These patches are often covered in a silvery-white coating called the scale and itch.

Although patches of thick, dry skin are common, it can cause many signs and symptoms. What you see and feel varies:

  • Bright red raised patches of skin (called plaques). They are usually loose, covered in silver scales. They are usually located on the knees, elbows, or lower back.
  • Small areas of bleeding when the skin scales are picked or scraped (Auspitz’s sign).
  • Smooth scaling to thick, crusted plaques on the scalp.
  • Itching, especially during a flash fire or when psoriasis plaques are found in the folds of the body, such as under the breasts or buttocks.
  • Discoloured or pitted nails.

Diagnosis of psoriasis

There is no laboratory test for this disease. Most likely, your doctor will easily identify this common disease by the type and location of the inflammation. However, many diseases can be confused with this skin disease: seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, lupus, syphilis, and some types of skin cancer, Your doctor will need to perform a physical exam to rule out these possibilities. In rare cases, it requires a skin biopsy to rule out other conditions that can cause similar symptoms.

Treatment for psoriasis

There are many effective treatment options for this skin disease. The best treatment is determined by the treating physician on an individual basis and, to some extent, by the type, severity, and amount of skin disease.

The treatment options include:

  • Biologics that target the immune system
  • Medications that you take by mouth
  • Light therapy
  • Topicals such as creams and ointments
  • Alternative treatments, such as mind-body practices, pain management, and lifestyle changes
  • For scalp psoriasis, medicated shampoos

For moderate and severe skin disease, which covers very large areas of the body (> 10% or more of the total skin surface), topical products may not be effective or practical to apply. This may require ultraviolet light treatments or topical medications (whole-body treatments such as pills or injections). Internal medications often have higher risks. Since the topical treatment does not affect topical arthritis, systemic medications are generally needed to stop the progression of permanent joint destruction.

Remember that, as with any medical condition, all medications can have side effects. Not all drugs are 100% effective, and drugs are not 100% safe. The decision to use any single-use medication requires thorough consideration and discussion with your healthcare provider. The potential risks and benefits of standard medications must be considered for each type of this disease and each individual. The two patients with the same disease, one can tolerate it with very little treatment, the other may be incapacitated and may require internal treatment.

The proposal to reduce the toxicity of some of these drugs is commonly called “rotational” therapy. The idea is to change the medications every six to 24 months is to reduce the toxicity of a medication. Depending on the choice options, this proposal is an option. The exception to this proposal is the use of new biological drugs as described below. A person who has been using strong topical steroids over large areas of their body for a long time can benefit from stopping steroids for a time and switching to a different treatment.


Having this skin disease puts you at risk for several health conditions:

  • High blood pressure
  • Obesity
  • High cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Osteoporosis
  • Liver disease
  • Kidney disease
  • Cancer
  • Uveitis (an eye disease)
  • Crohn’s disease
  • Depression


  • Diet: Eat plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and avoid saturated and trans fats, refined carbohydrates, and processed foods. Diets with oily fish such as mackerel, salmon, sardines, or herring can be a useful complement in the treatment.
  • Baths: Sunbathing, sea bathing, and daily UV exposure can improve this disease. Mild soaps or soap substitutes should be used. Antiseptics should not be used in a way that irritates the skin.
  • Say no to tobacco: Using tobacco in any form can make this skin disease worse. Stop smoking or chewing tobacco for better prevention.

Departments to consult for this condition

  • Department of dermatology